Certificated teachers are eligible for appointment to permanent posts on the staff of a public elementary school. Before they can be appointed head teachers they must, unless they have obtained their parchment certificates, have completed the service required. Further, they must, except in special circumstances, unless they are recognised by the Board as certificated teachers as from August 1, 1910, or some earlier date, have completed satisfactorily a course of training approved by the Board under the regulations for the training of teachers for elementary schools.

Supplementary Teachers

Where the Board are satisfied that the circumstances of the case render it necessary. they may, on application of the local education authority, recognise as supplementary teachers suitable women over eighteen years of age who are specially approved by H.m. inspector for their capacity in teaching. A candidate for recognition as a supplementary teacher must produce a satisfactory medical certificate in a form approved by the Board.

The Board may make it a condition of the recognition or continued recognition of supplementary teachers in the area of any local education authority that the authority make suitable provision for enabling such teachers to prepare and improve themselves for the practical work of teaching; and in the case of any individual supplementary teacher that she shall avail herself of any such provision, or that she shall receive such other special training as the inspector may approve.

By passing one of the examinations named by the Board, supplementary teachers may become qualified for recognition as uncertificated teachers.

Teachers of Domestic Subjects

The Board no longer themselves hold examinations for diplomas in cookery, but diplomas granted by certain recognised training schools, after a course of training and examination laid down by the Board, qualify their holders to teach these subjects in public elementary schools either in centre or in school courses. Diplomas in cookery, laundry work, and housewifery, separately or in combination, are recognised by the Board.

Women over eighteen years of age are eligible for admission to the training schools. Applicants must satisfy the authorities of the training school as to their physical capacity, and while the Board do not at present insist upon an entrance examination to test the qualifications of students, they require that all students should be proved to have obtained a thorough general education. Since no special qualifications are required in order to enter these training schools, and since the course of training which they provide is complete in itself, this branch of the teaching profession is well adapted to attract girls who have passed successfully through the ordinary course of a secondary school. Girls desiring to become teachers of domestic subjects are eligible for bursaries.

The diplomas may be taken separately or in combination. The course for the combined diploma, which includes cookery, laundry work, and housewifery, extends, as a rule, over two years; that for the full diploma in cookery over three or four terms; that for laundry work, two terms; and that for housewifery, one term. The diploma in housewifery can only be awarded to a student who already possesses diplomas for cookery and laundry work. Grants are paid by the Board to the training schools in respect of the courses taken by the students who intend to be teachers. But in every case a fee is charged to the student by the authorities of the college. The fee varies at the different schools between five and ten guineas per term.

A list of the training schools, and other information, is contained in the regulations for the training of teachers of domestic subjects, obtainable from Messrs. Wyman and Sons, Fetter Lane, London, E.c. (price 2d

Diagram representing the various ways in which a girl may proceed from the position of scholar in an elementary school to that of certificated teacher

Diagram representing the various ways in which a girl may proceed from the position of scholar in an elementary school to that of certificated teacher

An applicant for admission to a training school will be required to sign a declaration that she enters the school with the intention of eventually becoming a teacher of domestic subjects, either in a public elementary school or in some other school approved by the Board for the purpose.

The course of work for each diploma follows the lines laid down in the regulations of the Board. Besides instruction in the practice and theory of the subject, the course provides for instruction in science, in the theory of education, and in the practice of teaching the subject for which the diploma is awarded. The examinations are conducted by the schools themselves under the supervision of the Board.

The diplomas issued by the schools, after the course of training and examination described, are provisionally recognised by the Board for two years. If at the end of two years of actual instruction in public. elementary schools the woman in -spector has reported that the holder has proved herself to be in practice an efficient teacher, the diploma will be endorsed for full recognition in such schools.

A person who is already a certificated teacher may obtain a diploma in cookery, called the limited diploma, after a course of instruction at a recognised training school, which is shorter than that required for the full diploma, and after an examination which includes all the subjects prescribed for the full diploma, excepting the theory of education and science. This diploma is issued by the majority of training schools if there are sufficient persons desirous

Woman's Work of taking the course of training required for it. Information on this point, and with regard to fees, etc., may be obtained from the correspondents of the training schools.