This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
"These are becoming quite popular here, notwithstanding the cheapness of wood. The size of wire preferred is No. 16, and but two wires are used. They are stretched to strong posts set twenty feet apart, passing intermediately through holes of smaller posts or stakes. On the lower line, about eighteen inches from the ground, the fruit-bearing wood is trained, while the upper line, about eighteen inches above the other, supports the new wood. Many prefer to allow the fruit-bearing cane to do service for two years, instead of one only. There is do doubt that with wire trellises the pruning, tying, pinching off, etc., can be much more cheaply done than where the training is to stakes, and from the way the clusters depend from the horizontal cane, it is easy to see that there must be also a superior access of sun and air, and a greater ease in gathering the vintage.
This can be entirely extirpated, by using hog manure. So says a correspondent of the Rural New-Yorker.
A gentleman informs us that for some time he could not bloom the Liliuin lancifoliuin in the open borders, the bulbs being destroyed by the wire-worms. After trying various things, he at last bethought himself of using powdered glass, in the following manner. He prepared his ground, made a hole, put in a quarter of an inch of powdered glass, then half an inch of silver sand, and placed the bulb on the top; then half an inch of sand all round the bulb, with a quarter of an inch of glass all round, and then covered up in the usual way. He has not since been troubled with a single wire-worm, and blooms the plants beautifully.
A New Jersey cranberry grower with other parties, have purchased 3,000 acres marsh land in Wisconsin, for the purpose of growing the cranberry. Wisconsin is becoming famous for her hop yards and cranberry fields. But a few years since these marsh lands, now so eagerly sought, were regarded of little or no value, or consequence, beyond what they might have possessed to help hold the world together.
There are extensive cranberry-fields in Wisconsin, which yield the berries for the picking. Juneau county is famous for its cranberry crop, and the quantity sold the past season in the town of New Lisbon alone, is 28,000 bushels, at the average price of $1 75 per bushel. The trade brought some $55,000 to the town, and not less than 5,000 persons were engaged in harvesting and preparing the berries for market. The Juneau Argus says the cranberry crop was a far greater benefit than the most abundant wheat harvest could have been. - Cincinnaius.
The Editor of the Western Farmer acknowledges the receipt of some large grapes - some of the Delaware berries are represented as large as average sized Catawbas, Clusters of Rogers No. 4. 1 lb. 8 oz., Delaware 11 os. Wisconsin is some on grapes surely.
We have received from the Secretary, O. S. Willey, the Annual Report for the year 1869, containing the Addresses of the President, Reports of the Secretary, and description of new fruits, together with discussions thereon. The Society seems to be in excellent condition and progressing rapidly.