This embraces, first, the cultivation of flowers in the highest degree of perfection; secondly, the improvement of the races. The former is practised successfully by thousands, the latter is becoming more general. But, until the nineteenth century, there was not much progress made, although many attempted it. The advancement thus made was confined to very few subjects, and was accomplished chiefly by the humble classes. For many years before the late start, in 1832, there was no well defined object to attain in any single flower. Writers on the subject pretended to tell us the criterion, as it was called, of a good "this," "that," or the other, but not one of them advanced a hair's breadth beyond an imitation of what we already possessed. They knew what particular variety was considered a good one, and they made that the "criterion." Of course, as there was nothing to try for, nothing to aim at, but to produce new ones as good, nothing beyond it was achieved. But, in 1832, we ventured to publish a series of imaginary qualities, which we knew would be appreciated by the public, if they could be accomplished; and we also knew that the nearer the approach to our model that a flower could be produced, the better would it be pronounced by. all who had the least taste.

When we insisted that the Cineraria, the Pansy, the Verbena, the Geranium, the Phlox, and others, should be positively circular in the outline, and free from indentations, we had to bear the sneers of people who could see a yard a-head; and scores, who called themselves florists, pronounced all these changes to be impossible, and therefore, our notions ridiculous. But no sooner did the raisers of novelties know what to try for, than they selected a very different style of flower to seed from. Those which had widened their petals, and thereby lessened the gaps where they divided, however ugly and unpromising the color, were preferred, to seed from for future nevelties, and we need not point out that nearly all the "impossibilities" have been accomplished; that is to say, the open star of the Cineraria has disappeared, and they are produced circular; the Phlox is perfect, though at one time it was the form of a five-sailed windmill; the narrow petals of the Verbena have widened, and it is rapidly progressing; the Geranium has wonderfully advanced towards perfection; and every flower for which we set a model has been vastly improved.

Of course there was no more sneering at our "impossibilities. The Fuchsia, which, in all our recollections, was a graceful drooping flower, with the sepals hanging close and almost hiding the beautiful corolla, was not to our taste. The inside of the sepals is always brighter than the outside, and we laid down the law, that the sepals should reflex, like a Marti-gan Lily, showing the whole of the velvet corolla and the inside surface, instead of the outside of what was once its covering. Of course this was, in some people's eyes, another impossibility, - "it was unnatural," it was "turning the flower wrong side out, and the sepals upside down," The public, however, had faith in what we said a flower should be. There were raisers who seeded from varieties that showed the most inclination to reflex, and look at the flower now 1 The improvement has been so palpable, that the veriest tyro would instantly give the preference to the reflexed petal. The Dahlia was a weed. One nurseryman cultivated and collected all the monstrous flowers that were oddly formed.

There were "Anemone-flowered," "Ranunculus-flowered," "China Aster-flowered," "Globe-flowered," and as public curiosity and public taste struggled for the mastery, we thought it high time to banish such rubbish, at least from the show tables. We set forth the qualities a Dahlia ought to possess. We succeeded in directing public taste to a proper chanuel, and totally destroying the sale of all the bastard nondescripts. The Tulip was little valued for its form and purity, and the most foul and illshaped varieties disgraced many of even the best beds, and constantly took prizes. All the criterion that was held up for a good Tulip failed in giving the smallest idea of the form it ought to assume. One told us it should be the form of a cup, but which of the hundred-6haped cups that were made for ornament or use the raiser was to take for his model, nobody thought of telling him. Another said the stem was to be a particular height, when the youngest grower knew that there ought to be three, if not four different lengths.

When, therefore, we settled the question, by saying the form should be half a hollow ball, and, when fully opened, a third of a hollow ball, the only snarling we heard was one scientific noodle in the country showing, by some twattling argument about the physiology of the flower, that our proposed form was neither possible nor proper; whereas, we pay no more respect to the physiology of the Tulip than we did to the star of the Cineraria, or the heart-shaped top and butterfly wings of the Pansy, when we were told that the proper form was indicated by the name, Heartsease. Now, the very best growers of the Tulip value its near approach in form to from half to a third of a hollow ball as one of its noblest features, although we have not many that come near it. In short, there is no denying that the publication of our Properties of Flowers improved the taste, and settled some very unprofitable squabbling amongst florists, and that the work is looked up to as an authority. The summary amounts to this: That our Properties of Flowers and Plants were opposed until they became authority, and then copied and republished as if the thieves had been the authors.

The science of floriculture has, however, progressed, ever since the Properties were made public.

There is no good reason why a man with only a rod of ground should not industriously take up one subject, and raise some every year, throwing away all that are not new, or better than the old of the like character, and saving seed from such as exhibit some good points. There is great room for a change in the Pink, Pansy, Verbena, Patunia, Dahlia, Polyanthus, Auricula, Carnation, Picotee, in short, in almost every flower, and the proper way to commence, is to get a pinch of the best seed he can command, that he may have a chance, though perhaps a poor one, the first season; but to buy one plant each of the few most striking varieties of what he is going to raise, and save for himself the next, he will have this great advantage the second year, he will start fair with the very best growers, because he will have their best to begin with, whereas they have been persevering for years to get where they are. But nobody can expect that the best growers will part with their best seeds, to start others. They must seek among brother gardeners and amateurs; and in saving seed themselves, they must not be content with marking the best, for if they let the worst open their flowers, the best will be spoiled.

The best way is to destroy the others as fast as they come out, or remote the best, and plant them under glass, right away from the mass. The whole art and science of floriculture consists in saving seeds from those which are nearest what you want; and if there be any desire to cross one flower with another, remove the anthers from both, and apply the pollen of each to the other; but if a few of the best are placed together, away from all others, there will be little doubt of their crossing in every way, by the mere action of the insects. If all the amateur raisers would unite, there would be plenty of customers among themselves to pay a raiser well for a good thing; for, we are sorry to say, unless a flower that deserves it, is brought prominently before the public by an authority to be relied on, the raiser of a good flower has but little encouragement among the dealers.

We hope to hear of many novelties, even next year; for Petunias, Verbenas, Antirrhinums, Pansies, Hollyhocks, and some other perennials, if raised under glass and planted out in May, properly hardened, will not fail to bloom, and we all know that Dahlias perfect themselves the first season. - Midland Florist.