This section is from the book "A Practitioner's Handbook Of Materia Medica And Therapeutics", by Thos. S. Blair. Also available from Amazon: A Practitioner's handbook of Materia Medica and Therapeutics.
Sodium Salts, U. S. P. Sodii Acetas, a diuretic used in cystitis and dropsy. Dose, 10 to 30 gr. Arsenas, alterative, tonic, antiseptic, and antiperiodic in malaria, anemia, and nervous diseases (1-20 to 1/8 gr.). In small doses (1-100 gr., or 2X, or in the form of cigarettes) in asthmatic cough and nasal catarrh. The exsiccated salt should be used in doses of half the above. Benzoas. See "Acidum Benzoicum." Bicarbonas, antacid, alterative, and antipruritic in average doses of I5 gr. Very large doses (25 per day) in iodism and diabetic coma. Never use as an acid antidote unless no other alkali is available, as it liberates carbon dioxide too rapidly for safety in such cases. Bisulphis, antiseptic, used in sore mouth, yeasty vomiting, etc. Dose, 5 to 15 gr. Boras, or borax, antiseptic and mildly emmenagogue in doses of 5 to 20 gr. Largely used externally. The transparent glass-like "bangles" sold as the "neutral" borax is the tetraborate, and is somewhat astringent as well as antiseptic, and is used externally in varying strength up to saturated aqueous solution. Bromidum, sedative and diuretic. Actions and doses about same as potassium bromide (q. v.). Carbonas monohydratus, used externally as an antacid antipruritic in 2 to 5% solution. Chloras should be handled carefully, as it explodes in a number of combinations. Deodorant, antiseptic, and alterative in doses of 2 to 6 gr. In very small doses (1/2 gr.) it is said to be useful in congested and atonic states of the uterus or in violent metrorrhagia and leucorrhea. Three or 4 111. doses of Labar-raque's solution is preferable to the salt when small doses are indicated. Citras, diuretic and antilithic in 10 to 30 gr. doses. Hypophosphis, nerve tonic and reconstructive. Dose, 10 to 30 gr. Iodidum. See Potassium Iodide. Nitras, antiseptic, diuretic, diaphoretic. Dose. 10 to 30 gr. Nitris, antispasmodic, vaso-dilator, diuretic. Dose, 1/2 to 2 gr. Phenolsulphonas, a valuable antiseptic well adapted to internal use in doses of I to 10 gr. and in 1/2 to I % solution externally. Phosphas, antilithic, laxative, cholagogue. Doses of 1/2 to I K are purgative; 10 to 40 gr. are antilithic and mildly laxative. Doses of I or 2 gr. have been suggested in ailments arising from excess of lactic acid with flatulence and from irritation of the stomach. Sometimes small doses cure hives. Salicylas. See "Acidum SaIicyIicum." Sulphas, a hydrogogue cathartic in 1/4 to I K. The dried salt in half this dose. Sulphis, a rather disagreeable antiseptic, but peculiarly effective (when pure) to overcome sarcina ventriculi. When present the tongue is pallid, broad, and coated with a pasty white or yellow white fur. Give in 10 to 30 gr. doses. When patient objects to the taste, magnesium sulphite may be used in its place. Sulphocarbolate. See Sodium Phenolsulphonas. Thiosulphas, or hyposulphite, antiparasitic and antizymotic. Average dose, I5 gr.