Cardiac Tonics, - increase force of heart's contraction, lessening frequency.
Cardiac Stimulants, - increase both force and number of heart beats.
Ether. Digitalis. Belladonna.
Counter-irritation to praecordia.
Carminatives (Red Pepper. Ginger.)
Also strophanthus, squills, sparteine, camphor, ammonia hyoscyamus, stramonium, amyl nitrite, strychnine, chloroform, ammonia to 5th nerve, cold douche, flagellation, cupping, leeching, food, air, good digestion, active liver, cold weather.
Normal salt solution, one of the most efficient cardiac stimulants, has only a mechanical action, supplying a fluid of the same specific gravity as the blood, which the heart pumps upon until the natural circulation is restored.
Cardiac Sedatives, - lessen force and frequency of pulse.
Also hydrated chloral, veratrine, antimony, dilute hydrocyanic acid, ergot, alcohol, chloroform (late effect), ipecac, physostigmine, conium, low diet, diuretics, arrest sensory impressions (warm bath), diaphoretics, warm weather.
Vascular Stimulants, - dilate the vessels through the vasomotor centres, equalizing blood pressure.
Local Stimulants (on skin), - dilate the vessels by local action.
Heat (poultices, fomentation). Acrid Oils (mustard).
Vascular Sedatives. See Haematinics and Antiphlogis-tics.