Baring, the name of a mercantile family of London. John Baring came from Bremen, and settled in Exeter in the first part of the 18th century. He had four sons, two of whom, John and Francis, established the house of Baring Brothers and company in London in 1770. I. Sir Frauds, born April 18, 1740, died Sept. 12, 1810. Having been elected director of the East India company, he became a zealous supporter of Mr. Pitt's policy, and was rewarded with a baronetcy in May, 1793. His "Observations on the Establishment of the Bank of England " (1797) had great weight in the question of renewing the charter of that institution. Three of his sons, Thomas, Alexander (see Ashburton), and' Henry, had already been associated in the business; but Henry (died April 13, 1848) quitted it and accompanied Lord Macartney in his embassy to China, and afterward took the superintendence of the East India company's factories at Canton. II. Sir Thomas, eldest son of Sir Francis, born June 12, 1772, died April 3, 1848. He sat from 1830 to 1832 in the house of commons, and was known to the public as a patron of art and by his fine collection of pictures.

III. Francis Thornhill, a lawyer and statesman, eldest son of Sir Thomas, born April 20, 1796, died Sept. 6, 1866. He entered parliament as member for Portsmouth in 1826; was a lord of the treasury from 1830 to June, 1834; a secretary of the treasury from June to November, 1834, and from April, 1835, to 1839; chancellor of the exchequer from 1839 to 1841; and first lord of the admiralty from January, 1849, to the dissolution of the Russell ministry in March, 1852. In January, 1866, he was created Baron Northbrook. He never took an active part in the business of the firm. IV. Thomas George, second Lord Northbrook, eldest son of the preceding, born in 1826. He is a graduate of Oxford, and was a lord of the admiralty in 1857-'8, under-secre-tary of state for India in 1859-'61, and undersecretary for war in 1861-'6 and 1868-72. He was a member of parliament for Penryn and Falmouth from 1857 to 1866, when on the death of his father he succeeded to the peerage. In February, 1872, after the assassination of Earl Mayo, he was appointed viceroy and governor general of India. V. Charles, another son of Sir Thomas, entered the church, became bishop of Gloucester and Bristol in 1856, and was translated to the see of Durham in 1861.