Friedrich Adolph Von, baron, a German general in the British service, born at Lauterbach in the grand duchy of Hesse, June 3, 1738, died in Brunswick, Jan. 6, 1800. He left his studies at Marburg to join the Hessian regiment in the British service, distinguished himself at the battle of Minden in 1759, and in 1776 was major general in command of the division of 4,000 Bruns-wickers which formed part of the German mercenary force employed by England in the American revolutionary war. Landing at Quebec June 1, he spent a year in Canada, exercising his men in the Indian mode of warfare. Having accompanied Burgoyne on his march to Albany, he rendered efficient service in the capture of Ticonderoga, and secured the British victory the day following at Hub-bardton by bringing up reënforcements. In the first action at Saratoga, Sept. 19, 1777, by a timely forced march through the woods, he saved the army of Burgoyne from annihilation. After the second engagement, Oct. 7, he advised a retreat, and had his counsel been taken Burgoyne's escape into Canada might have been effected.
After the surrender Rie-desel accompanied his commander-in-chief to Albany. With the other German prisoners' he reached Cambridge, Mass., Nov. 7, 1777, whence in the following year he was transferred to Virginia. On being exchanged in the autumn of 1780, he was placed by Clinton in command of Long Island. In August, 1783, he returned to Germany. Having been made lieutenant general in 1787, he commanded the Brunswick contingent sent to Holland to support the cause of the stadtholder. At the time of his death he was commandant of the city of Brunswick. His "Letters and Military Journals in America," edited by Max von Eel-king, has been translated by William L. Stone, with a memoir by the translator (2 vols. 8vo, Albany, 1868).
Friederike Charlotte Luise, wife of the preceding, born in Brandenburg in 1746, died in Berlin, March 29, 1808. She was a daughter of the Prussian minister Mas-son, and was married at the age of 16. She followed her husband to America, joining him in Canada, and was his constant companion during his stay in this country. In her frequent correspondence with her mother her adventures were graphically and minutely described. These letters were published by her son-in-law Count Reuss, under the title of Voyage de mission en Amérique, ou Lettres de Mme. de Riedesel (Berlin, 1799; English by William L. Stone, 8vo, Albany, 1867).