Heinrich, a German chemist, born in Berlin in 1795, died there, Jan. 29, 1864. His grandfather, Valentin Rose the elder, and his father, Valentin Rose the younger, were distinguished chemists. He first devoted himself to pharmacy, studied in Berlin, in Stockholm in 1819 under Berzelius, and at Kiel, where he took his degree. In 1823 he became extraordinary and in 1835 ordinary professor of chemistry at Berlin. His Handbuch der analytischen Chemie (Berlin, 1829) has obtained wide celebrity. In 1845 he discovered a new metal in the tantalites of Bavaria, which he called niobium. (See Columbium.)
Gustav, a German mineralogist, brother of the preceding, born in Berlin, March 28, 1798, died there, July 15, 1873. In 1820 he took his degree in Berlin, in 1821 studied under Berzelius at Stockholm, in 1822 became keeper of the mineralogical collection in the university of Berlin, and in 1826 was made extraordinary and in 1839 ordinary professor of mineralogy there. He wrote Elemente der Krystallogra-phie (2d ed., Berlin, 1838); Ueber das Krys-tallisationsystem des Quarzes (1846); Ueber die Krystallform der rhomboëdrischen Metalle (1850); and Das kcrystallochemisclie Mineral-system (Leipsic, 1852). "With Humboldt and Ehrenberg he travelled through northern Asia in 1829, and published Reise nach dem Ural, dem Altai und dem Kaspischen Meer (2 vols., Berlin, 1837-'42).
Hugh James, an English author, born at Little Horsted, Surrey, in 1795, died in Florence, Italy, Dec. 22, 1838. He graduated at Trinity college, Cambridge, in 1817, was ordained there in 1818, and in 1825 was chosen select preacher of the university; and at the time of his death he was rector of St. Thomas's, Southwark. In 1832 he founded and edited the "British Magazine," and in 1836 became principal of King's college, London. Among his works are: Inscriptiones Groecoe Vetustissimoe (8vo, 1825); "Christianity always Progressive" (1829); "Farmers and Clergy" (1831); "Answer to the Case of the Dissenters" (1834); and Concio ad Clerum (1835). He was editor of the "Encyclopaedia Metropolitana," and projected the "New General Biographical Dictionary," published after his death.
Henry John, an English author, brother of the preceding, born in 1801, died in Bedford, Jan. 31, 1873. He graduated at St. John's college, Cambridge, in 1821, became fellow of his college in 1824, Hul-sean lecturer in 1833, rector of Houghton Conquest, Bedfordshire, in 1837, and archdeacon of Bedford in 1866. He edited the "Encyclopaedia Metropolitana" from 1839, and also the first volume of "Rose's Biographical Dictionary;" translated Neander's "History of the Christian Religion and Church during the first three centuries" (2 vols., 1831; 2d ed., 1842); contributed one of the essays in "Replies to Essays and Reviews" (1861); edited in conjunction with the Rev. J. W. Burgon, Schnorr's "Bible Prints," with accompanying letterpress (1864); and was one of the authors of "The Speaker's Commentary." He also published "The Law of Moses viewed in Connection with the History and Character of the Jews" (Hulsean lectures, 1834), and reprinted from the "Encyclopaedia Metropolitana" his "History of the Christian Church from 1700 to 1858" (1858).