VIII. A S. W. county of Kansas, bordering on the Indian territory; area, 780 sq. m.; yet unsettled. Its N. E. corner is intersected by the Nescatunga river, the S. E. corner by the Cimarron, while a branch of the latter waters its W. part. IX. A S. W. county of Washington territory, bounded S. and S. W. by the Columbia river, which separates it from Oregon, and watered by Yah-kotle, Cathlapootle, and Catama rivers, and other streams; area, 1,400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,081. The soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 16,735 bushels of wheat, 30,387 of oats, 30,222 of potatoes, 5,862 tons of hay, 10,944 lbs. of cheese, 80,303 of butter, and 23,144 of wool. There were 1,037 horses, 2,229 milch cows, 2,880 other cattle, 5,279 sheep, and 1,812 swine. There were 3 grist mills and 12 saw mills. Capital, Fort Vancouver.

VIII #1

VIII. A 8. E. county of Kentucky; area, about 870 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,297, of whom 495 were colored. The surface is mountainous, and is intersected by the S. fork of Kentucky river. Coal and iron are found; the manufacture of salt is carried on to a great extent, and the forests are largo and numerous. The chief productions in 1870 were 7,853 bushels of wheat, 281,499 of Indian corn, 25,138 of oats, 17,774 of potatoes, 295 tons of hay, 17,073 lbs. of wool, and 17,787 of tobacco. There were 1,274 horses, 2,385 milch cows, 3,606 other cattle, 9,921 sheep, and 12,776 swine. Capital, Manchester. IX. A S. W. county of Indiana, drained by Eel river; area, 300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 19,084. The surface is level, the soil productive, and there are beds of coal and of iron ore. It is traversed by the St. Louis, Van-dalia, Terre Haute, and Indianapolis railroad, and by the Wabash and Erie canal. The chief productions in 1870 were 192,118 bushels of wheat, 307,654 of Indian corn, 93,068 of oats, 50,472 of potatoes, 10,558 tons of hay, 150,252 lbs. of butter, 50,965 of wool, and 31,800 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 4,927 horses, 3,686 milch cows, 5,560 other cattle, 20,437 sheep, and 16,234 swine.

There were 5 flour mills. 5 iron founderies, 8 manufactories of carriages, 4 of bricks, 4 of stone and earthen ware, 2 of woollen goods, and 11 saw mills. Capital, Bowling Green. X. A S. E. county of Illinois, watered by the Little Wabash river; area, 440 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,875. The surface is moderately uneven and occupied by forests and fertile prairies. It is traversed by the Springfield and Illinois Southeastern, and the Ohio and Mississippi railroads; the Chicago division of the Illinois central railroad touches the N. W. corner. The chief productions in 1870 were 87,031 bushels of wheat, 1,019,994 of Indian corn, 269,945 of oats, 41,297 of potatoes, 12,963 tons of hay, 215,416 lbs. of butter, 47,540 of wool, 24,354 of honey, and 53,310 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 5,437 horses, 3,839 milch cows, 0,555 other cattle, 20,189 sheep, and 20,109 swine. There were 5 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 5 of saddlery and harness, 1 of woollen goods, 7 Hour mills, and 4 saw mills. Capital, Louisville. XI. A N. W. county of Minnesota, separated from Dakota territory by Red river, and intersected by Buffalo river and its branches; area, 380 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 92. The surface is mostly prairie; the soil alluvial and fertile.

A branch of the St. Paul and Pacific railroad is to cross the N. E. corner. The estimated value of farm productions in 1870 was $1,100; of live stock, $2,085. XII. A N. W. county of Iowa, drained by the Little Sioux river and its branches; area, about 000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,523. The McGregor and Missouri River railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 15,382 bushels of wheat, 12,105 of Indian corn, 13,099 of oats, 4,414 of potatoes, and 3,684 tons of hay. There were 304 horses, 404 milch cows, 702 other cattle, and 220 swine. Capital, Peterson. XIII. A S. E. county of Nebraska, intersected in the S. W. part by Little Blue river, and watered in the north by the W. fork of the Big Blue; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 54. The surface is undulating prairie, and the soil fertile. XIV. A W. county of Missouri, bounded S. by the Missouri river; area, 415 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,564, of whom 1,846 were colored. The surface is somewhat uneven, and partly occupied by forests of oak, black walnut, ash, and other trees. The soil is fertile, and rests upon a basis of sandstone and limestone.

The Cameron and Kansas City branch of the Hannibal and St. Joseph, and the western division of the North Missouri railroad traverse it, and the Lexington and St. Joseph branch of the latter touches the N. E. corner. The chief productions in 1870 were 197,214 bushels of wheat, 1,844,270 of Indian corn, 199,604 of oats, 83,277 of potatoes, 5,961 tons of hay, 253,805 lbs. of hutter, 57,732 of wool, and 31,040 of tobacco. There were 5,884 horses, 1,502 mules and asses, 3,979 milch cows, 10,424 other cattle, 17,390 sheep, and 38,300 swine. There were 10 flour mills, 5 saw mills, 3 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 2 of tobacco and snuff, and 3 of woollen goods. Capital, Liberty. XV. A N. E. county of Kansas, intersected by Republican river and Chapman's creek; area, 000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,942. The chief productions in 1870 were 30,704 bushels of wheat, 95,145 of Indian corn, and 5,350 tons of hay. There were 1,034 horses, 1,154 milch cows, 2,044 other cattle, and 574 swine. Capital, Clay Centre. XVI. A S. E. county of Dakota territory, separated from Nebraska by the Missouri river, and intersected by Vermilion river; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,621. The chief productions in 1870 were 55,002 bushels of wheat, 29,470 of Indian corn, 41,-016 of oats, 19,008 of potatoes, and 8,855 tons of hay.

There were 666 horses, 1,237 milch cows, 2,005 other cattle, 380 sheep, and 474 swine. Capital Vermilion.