See Caltagirone.


Calatayud, a town of Aragon, Spain, in the province and 45 m. S. W. of Saragossa, on the Jalon, near its junction with the Jiloca; pop. in 1867, 9,823. It was built by the Moors from the ruins of Bilbilis, the birthplace of Martial, which was about two miles E. of the present town. It has a castle, a theatre, and other public buildings. There are two collegiate churches, Santo Sepulcro, built in 1141, and originally belonging to the templars, and Santa Maria, formerly a mosque, having a fine entrance and lofty bell tower. The Dominican convent is an imposing structure. The environs are picturesque and fertile, producing good wine and the best hemp of Spain. In the neighborhood are mineral springs, and caverns with curious stalactites.


Calchas, a legendary Greek soothsayer, born at Megara, induced by Agamemnon to accompany the expedition to Troy. He ordered the sacrifice of Iphigenia, foretold the length of the Trojan war, explained the cause of the pestilence that ravaged the Grecian army, and advised the stratagem of the wooden horse. On his return to Greece he died, in accordance with the prediction of an oracle, on meeting Mopsus, whose power of divination exceeded his own.


Calder, a river of England, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. It rises near Burnley, on the E. borders of Lancashire, and flows E. until it reaches Wakefield, where it makes a bend to the north, and joins the Aire near Castleford, after a course of 40 m., for 30 of which it is navigable. It is important as a part of the transportation route across the kingdom from Liverpool to Hull, and is connected by canals with Todmorden, Rochdale, Iluddersfield, Goole, Halifax, and Barnsley. - A small stream in Lancashire, and two in Scotland, bear the same name.

Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck

Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck, an Indian, graduate of Harvard college (1665), born in 1646, died at Charlestown, Mass., in 1666. He was the only Indian who ever graduated from that college.

Caleb Strong

Caleb Strong, an American statesman, born in Northampton, Mass., Jan. 9, 1745, died there, Nov. 7, 1819. He graduated at Harvard college in 1764, and was admitted to the bar in 1772. During the revolution he was a member of the general court and of the Northampton committee of safety. He held several state offices, was a member of the convention for framing a national constitution, was elected one of the first United States senators from Massachusetts in 1789, was reelected in 1793, and resigned in 1796. From 1800 to 1807 he was governor of Massachusetts, and again from 1812 to 1816. As a federalist he was opposed to the war with England, and believed himself justified on constitutional grounds in disregarding the president's requisition for troops, while amply providing for the defence of the state. (See Militia, vol. xi., p. 541).


Calenture (Span, calentura, fever), the name formerly given to a febrile disease supposed to attack sailors and those living on the coast in tropical climates, and characterized mainly by furious delirium and an irresistible desire to walk into the sea. It is not now regarded as a distinct disease, and the former descriptions of it are thought to have been in great degree fanciful.