Cape Matapan (anc. Promontorium Tcena-rium), a promontory of Greece, forming the southern extremity of continental Europe, extending into the Mediterranean in lat. 36° 23' N., Ion. 22° 29' E. The name Taenarum, or Promontorium Taenarium, was applied by the ancient Greeks not only to the headland, which is the only part indicated by the modern name Cape Matapan, but also to the small peninsula itself which lies N. of it, and is connected with the great Taygetic peninsula by a narrow isthmus. Leake believed that the ancients called the headland M , from which he derives the present name. Tsenarum was sacred to Neptune, and was a sanctuary among the Achaeans. The temple of the god stood near the cape, and its remains are still to be seen a little E. of the junction of the promontory and the mainland.
See Cape Matapan.
The S. extremity of New Jersey, at the entrance of Delaware bay. On its S. W. point is a lighthouse. II. A town of Cape May co., N. J., occupying the above point of land, also called Cape City and Cape Island City, 70 m. S. S. E. of Philadelphia; pop. in 1870, 1,248. It is connected with Philadelphia by the West Jersey railroad, and in summer by several lines of steamboats. It is a noted summer resort, being the favorite watering place for Philadelphians. The beach is over 6 m. long, and affords splendid drives. The bathing facilities are unrivalled. There are numerous large and well appointed hotels, which with the cottages of visitors are situated on a small niece of land, about 250 acres in extent, known as Cape island, having formerly been separated by a small creek from the mainland. The principal place of resort in the vicinity is Cold Spring, 2 m. N. of the beach.
Cape Nau (anc. Lacinium Promontorium), a headland of S. Italy, at the E. extremity of Calabria, once the site of a temple dedicated to Juno Lacinia. Hannibal is said to have embarked here on leaving Italy, 203 B. C.
Cape North, a promontory of Norway, at the N. extremity of the island of Magero, which is the northernmost point of Europe; lat. 71° 10' N., Ion. 25° 46' E. It consists of a long chain of precipitous rocks jutting out into the sea, about 1,200 ft. high, and crowned partly by a kind of table land, and partly by a number of pyramidal peaks.
Cape Of Good Hope, Or Cape Peak, a bold promontory rising nearly 1,000 ft. above the sea, at the S. point of a narrow peninsula 30 m. long, near the S. W. extremity of the continent of Africa, having the Atlantic ocean on the west and False bay on the east, 32 m. S. of Cape Town; lat. 34° 22' S., Ion. 18° 29' E.
Cape Ortegal, a rugged promontory forming the N. extremity of Spain, and extending into the bay of Biscay from the N. coast of the province of Corufia, in lat. 43° 45' N., Ion. 7° 56' W. It is a part of the most barren and rugged stretch of the Spanish coast.