Charenton-Le-Pont

Charenton-Le-Pont, a town of France, in the department of Seine, on the right bank of the Marne, near its confluence with the Seine, 5 m. S. E. of the centre of Paris; pop. in 1866, 6,190. It derives its surname from the fine bridge which, crossing the Marne, unites the town with the village of Alfort. This bridge has been always considered as of great importance for the defence of Paris, and is protected by the fort of Charenton, near Alfort, which guards the passages of both rivers.

Charenton-St.-Maurice

Charenton-St.-Maurice (the name changed to St. Maurice since 1842), a village of France, in the vicinity of Paris, on the right bank of the Marne, about 1 m. E. of Charenton-le-Pont; pop. in 1866, 4,931. It contains an excellent lunatic asylum, founded in 1741, and capable of accommodating 500 patients. The Protestants formerly had here a large church, in which several synods were held; but it was demolished in 1085, on the revocation of the edict of Nantes.

Charge Daffaires

Charge D'Affaires, the title of the fourth rank of diplomatic agents. They are accredited not to the sovereign but to the department of foreign affairs, and are appointed by and responsible to the minister of state of their own country. They were not recognized in European diplomacy till near the 18th century. By the congress of Vienna in 1815 they were made the third order of diplomatists, which was changed to the fourth by the congress of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1818. The title is given to the agent whom an ambassador or envoy, by virtue of authority from his prince or state, appoints to conduct in his absence the affairs of his mission.

Charies Thomson

Charies Thomson, an American patriot, born at Maghera, county Derry, Ireland, Nov. 29, 1729, died at Lower Merion, near Philadelphia, Aug. 16, 1824. He came to America at the age of 11, was educated in Maryland, taught a Friends' academy in Philadelphia, and afterward went into business in that city, and was an intimate friend of Franklin. He was secretary of the continental congress throughout its existence (1774-'88), and of the first United States house of representatives till his resignation in July, 1789. John Adams called him " the Sam Adams of Philadelphia, the life of the cause of liberty." He was the author of "An Enquiry into the Causes of the Alienation of the Delaware and Shawanese Indians" (8vo, London, 1759); a translation of the Bible, the first English version of the Septua-gint (4 vols. 8vo, 1808); and "A Synopsis of the four Evangelists" (1815).

Charisticaries

Charisticaries, the name applied in Greek ecclesiastical history to functionaries who possessed uncontrolled power over the revenues of hospitals and monasteries. The practice originated during the iconoclastic struggle in the 8th century, and resulted from hostility to monasticism. In after times the custom was continued without the spirit which originated it, and monasteries were often given to persons of wealth and rank in order to secure their patronage and influence.