Clanwilliam, a N. W. district of Cape Colony, S. Africa, partly traversed by the Rog-geveld and other mountains, and by the Olifant river and its tributaries; area, 24,100 sq. m.; pop. in 18G5, 7,041. The climate is salubrious and the soil fertile. The capital of the district is a village of the same name, 140 m. N. E. of Cape Town, whose people are chiefly employed in manufacturing hats. In the vicinity is an excellent chalybeate spring.
Clarendon, an E. central county of South Carolina, bounded N. E. by Lynch's creek, S. W. by the Santee river, and intersected by Black river and its tributaries; area, 700 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 14,038, of whom 9,366 were colored. The surface is diversified; part of the soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 218,417 bushels of Indian corn, 24,-635 of peas and beans, 75,330 of sweet potatoes, 5,016 bales of cotton, and 813,012 lbs. of rice. There were 996 horses, 3,314 milch cows, 5,256 other cattle, 1,523 sheep, and 14,986 swine. Capital, Manning'.
Clarendon Park, an extra-parochial liberty and anciently a royal forest of Wiltshire, England. In a royal palace or hunting seat here, some traces of which yet remain, Henry II. held the council which enacted in 1164 the celebrated constitutions of Clarendon, aiming to repress the power of the clergy. It gave the title of earl to Lord Chancellor Hyde.
Claret. See France, Wines of.
Clarinet, a musical wind instrument of wood, played through a reed, with holes and keys for the fingers. Its compass extends from E below the F clef to about three octaves above, although its powers are not equal throughout. It is heard to best advantage in the keys of C and F, in which most of the music for it is written. Its invention is ascribed to Johann Christoph Denner, of Leipsic, who died in 1707.
Clastic Anatomy. See Anatomical PREPARATIONS.
Clatsop, the N. W. county of Oregon, separated from Washington territory on the X. by the Columbia river, and bounded W. by the Pacific; area, 1,100 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,255, of whom 13 were Chinese. On the E. border are mountains. It is watered by Lewis and Clarke river and other streams falling into the ocean. The soil is good and timber is abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 2,007 bushels of oats, 15,130 of potatoes, and G83 tons of hay. There were 147 horses, 517 milch cows, 1,005 other cattle, 1,208 sheep, and 659 swine. Capital, Astoria.
Claude Bcffier, a French author, born in Poland of French parents, May 25, 1661, died in Paris, May 17, 1737. He was educated at Rouen, entered the society of Jesus in 1679, and spent the greater part of his life in teaching at the college Louis le Grand. His principal writings on grammar, literature, science, and theology are found in his Cours de sciences sur des principes nouveaux et simples (Paris, 1732), the most esteemed being the Traite des premieres verite3. A separate edition of his remarkable Grammaire frangaise sur un plan nouveau appeared subsequently. The Encyclopedic meihodique appropriated many of his writings without credit. He wrote various historical and other works, and in his Pratique de la memoire artificielle (4 vols., Paris, 1701-15) he applied Lancelot's method to the study of chronology, history, and geography.