Dog Grass

See Couch Grass.

Doimitras Marsus

Doimitras Marsus, a Roman poet of the Augustan age, of whose life there are no particulars; but he survived Tibullus, who died in 18 B. 0. He is frequently mentioned by Martial, who praises his epigrams, which are remarkable for their licentiousness; and he also Avrote epic poetry, erotic elegies, and a collection of fables. His fragments are inserted in Weichert's Poetarum Latinorum Reliquice (Leipsic, 1830).

Dol,

Dol, a town of France, in the department of Ille-et-Vilaine, 13 m. S. E. of St. Malo; pop. in 1866, 4,230. It contains a fine cathedral, and possesses considerable historical interest. During the middle ages it was frequently besieged, and passed into many different hands. In 1793 it was garrisoned by the Vendeans, and successfully resisted an attack of the republican troops. The old fortifications of the town are still standing.

Dollart Bay, Or The Dollart

Dollart Bay, Or The Dollart, an arm of the German ocean, about 10 m. in length from N. to S., and 7 m. in breadth. It lies between the Prussian province of Hanover and the Netherlands, at the mouth of the river Ems. It is supposed to have been formed by an inundation in 1277, and another in 1287, which destroyed 3 towns and nearly 40 villages, with thousands of human beings and cattle. The sea has since receded in some measure, and several thousand acres of land have been recovered.

Dolmen

See Cromlech.

Dom Pedro De Sonza-Holstcin Palmella

Dom Pedro De Sonza-Holstcin Palmella, duke de, a Portuguese statesman, born in Turin in 1786, died in Lisbon, Oct. 12, 1850. In 1814-'15 he represented Portugal in the congress of Vienna. In 1816 he became minister of foreign affairs in Brazil, in 1820 president of the regency of Portugal, and in 1823 minister of foreign affairs and marquis. In 1825 he was ambassador to England. In 1828 he adhered to Dona Maria, and the regent Dom Miguel sentenced him to death for high treason. Under the regency of Dom Pedro in 1832 he became premier, and shortly afterward was again ambassador to England. He returned to Lisbon with Villaflor in 1833, and in 1834 Dona Maria made him premier and raised him to the rank of duke. The insurrection of 1836 drove him into exile, but he returned in 1846.

Dom Reini Ceillier

Dom Reini Ceillier, a French theologian, born at Bar-le-Duc in 1088, died at Flavigny, Burgundy, Nov. 17, 1761. He was a member of the Benedictine order, president of the congregations of St. Vannes and St. Hydulphe, and prior of the abbey of Flavigny. His principal work, Histoire generate des auteurs sacres et ecclesiastiques (24 vols., Paris, 1729-'82; new ed., 8 vols., 1858), is celebrated for accuracy and good judgment.

Domat, Or Daumat Jean

Domat, Or Daumat Jean, a French jurist, born in Clermont-Ferrand, Nov. 30, 1625, died in Paris in 1695 or 1696. For 30 years he was king's advocate at Clermont. His great work is Les lots civiles dans leur ordre naturel (5 .vols., 1689-'97; English translation by W. Strahan, 2 vols, fob, London, 1737; edited by L. S. Gushing, 2 vols. 8vo, Boston, 1850). Domat is called by Victor Cousin "incomparably the greatest jurisconsult of the 17th century," and by Boileau "the restorer of reason to jurisprudence." The intimate friend of Pascal, and his associate in many of his experiments in natural philosophy, he was distinguished for his taste for mathematics and philosophy as well as for legal attainments.