Edward Dodwell, an English author, born about 1767, died in Rome, May 14, 1832. He published " A Classical and Topographical Tour through Greece during the years 1801, 1805, and 1806 " (2 vols. 4to, 1819), and made numerous drawings of ruins and scenery in Greece and Italy, some of which were published after his death under the title of " Views and Descriptions of Cyclopean or Pelasgic Remains in Greece and Italy, with Constructions of a later Period."
Edward Donovan, an English naturalist, died Feb. 1, 1837. His first publication was a "Natural History of British Insects" (16 vols, royal 8vo, London, 1792-181G); of a similar character to which were his "Natural History of British Birds" (10 vols., 1794-1818), "Fishes" (5 vols., 1802-'8), "Shells" (5 vols., 1803-'4), and "Quadrupeds" (3 vols., 1820). In 1798 he published an "Epitome of the Natural History of the Insects of China," which was followed by works on the insects of India (1800), and of islands in the Indian and South Pacific oceans (1805). He also wrote a little book of instructions concerning the collection and preservation of subjects of natural history. His later works were a narrative of "Excursions through South Wales and Monmouthshire" (2 vols., 1805), a periodical entitled " The Naturalist's Repository," and an " Essay on the Minute Parts of Plants."
Edward Doubleday, an English naturalist, born in 1810, died in London in 1849. At an early age he made a tour of the United States, and on his return published a paper on the "Natural History of North America," and was appointed one of the curators of the British museum. The most valuable of his contributions to science are the results of bis researches concerning butterflies, published in a work "On the Genera of Diurnal Lepidop-tera," which he left unfinished. He was also the author of a variety of papers on ornithology, entomology, and zoology, published in the "Entomological Magazine" and elsewhere.
Edward Eichwald, a Russian naturalist, born at Mitau, July 4, 1795. He studied at Berlin, spent several years in travel, and in 1823 was appointed professor of zoology and midwifery at Kazan. In 1827 he became professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at Wilna, and in 1838 of mineralogy and zoology at St. Petersburg. From 1825 to 1827 he explored the Caspian sea and the Caucasus. In 1846 he made scientific excursions in the Tyrol, Italy, Sicily, and Algeria. He also made geological journeys through France, Switzerland, parts of Russia, and the Scandinavian countries. His numerous works, written in Latin, German, French, and Russian, relate chiefly to the botany, natural history, geology, mineralogy, and palaeontology of Russia.
Edward Greswell, an English ecclesiastical writer, born in Manchester in 1797, died in Oxford, June 29, 1869. After graduation at the university, he became fellow and vice president of Corpus Christi college, and devoted himself to theological literature. His works are valuable and highly esteemed by scholars. Among them are: "Exposition of the Parables and other Parts of the Gospels" (5 vols. 8vo, 1834 - '5; Prolegomena ad Harmoniam Evangelicam (4th ed., 1845); "Dissertations upon the Principles and Arrangement of a Harmony of the Gospels" (5 vols., 2d ed., 1837); Fasti Temporis Catholici (5 vols., with tables, 1852); and Origines Kalendarioe Italicoe (4 vols., 1854), showing the early calendars of Romulus, of Numa Pompilius, and of the decemvirs. He also translated into Greek verse Milton's "Comus" and "Samson Agonistes."