Eeckhout, Or Eckhout, Gerbrant Van Den, a Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam, Aug. 19, 1621, died there, Sept. 22, 1674. He was a pupil of Rembrandt, and in some measure successful in imitating his manner, especially in the early part of his life. He excelled chiefly in portraits, and these as well as his historical pictures abound in the best collections of Holland, while several are to be found in Germany.
Eecloo, Or Eccloo, a town of Belgium, in the province of East Flanders, 11 m. N. W. of Ghent; pop. in 1866, 9,564. It has an active industry and commerce in woollen and cotton fabrics, hats, tobacco, and oil, and is an important grain market.
Egeria, one of the Camenae or nymphs of Roman mythology, who was believed to have dictated to Numa Pompilius his wise laws, and to have instructed him respecting the forms of worship which he introduced. It was said that she became his wife, and that being inconsolable after his death, she was changed into a fountain. She had been worshipped as a rural and prophetic divinity from the earliest periods of Latium, and was invoked as the giver of life by pregnant women. Numa consecrated to her a grove in the environs of Rome, and to strangers visiting that city even now the grotto and fountain of Egeria are pointed out in the beautiful valley of Caf-farella. On ancient sculptures this nymph is represented in a costume similar to that of the muses, with floating robe, naked feet, dishevelled hair, and in the attitude of writing in a volume which she holds upon her knees.
Ehrenfried Walter Von Tschirnhaesen, count, a German mathematician, born at Kislings-wald, near Gorlitz, April 10, 1651, died there, Oct. 10, 1708. He studied at Ley den, in 1672 volunteered against France, and afterward visited England, France, and Italy. After his return he constructed optical instruments, and established glass factories and a mill for the polishing of burning glasses, one of which weighed 160 lbs. and was 33 in. in diameter. He also constructed a burning mirror of highly polished copper, producing effects similar to those of the burning glass. He discovered a method from which the manufacture of porcelain in Saxony took its rise, and investigated the properties of the curves which go under his name. He published Medicina Corporis (Amsterdam, 1686) and Medicina Mentis (1687), afterward combined in several editions, and Anleitung zu nutzlichen WissensGhaften, absonderlich zu der Mathesis und Physik (Leip-sic, 1700; 3d ed., 1712).
Eibenstock, a town of Saxony, near the right bank of the Mulde, 16 m. S. E. of Zwickau; pop. in 1871, 6,362. It has manufactories of muslin, lace, chemicals, and tobacco; and in the vicinity are several tin mines, to which the town owed its foundation in the 12th century.
Eider, a river of northern Germany, rising near Kiel, and flowing into the North sea not far from Tonning. Its general course is W., and for a considerable distance it forms the boundary between Schleswig and Holstein. Its length is about 105 m., of which 70 are navigable. With the aid of a canal from Rends-burg to Kiel fiord, this river forms a communication between the North and Baltic seas.