Henry Wharton

Henry Wharton, an English clergyman, born in Worstead, Norfolk, Nov. 9, 1664, died in Newton, Cambridgeshire, March 5, 1695. He graduated at Caius college, Cambridge, in 1684, and in 1686 became assistant to Dr. William Cave in the compilation of his Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Historia Literaria (1688-'9). He was afterward appointed one of the chaplains of Archbishop Sancroft. His numerous works include Anglia Sacra (2 vols, fol., 1691), a collection of ecclesiastical biographies; "A Defence of Pluralities" (8vo, 1692); and a pamphlet criticising Burnet's history.


Hensel ,.I. Wilhelm, a German painter, born at Trebbin, Prussia, July 6, 1794, died in Berlin, Nov. 26, 1861. He studied five years in Italy, and on his return to Berlin in 1828 became professor at the academy of fine arts. He died from injuries received while assisting a stranger who was thrown out of an omnibus. One of his best pictures is "Christ before Pilate." II. Fanny, a German pianist, wife of the preceding, born in Hamburg, Nov. 14, 1805, died in Berlin, May 14, 1847. She was the sister of Mendelssohn, and wrote in imitation of his style small compositions for the piano, and a few songs. She possessed a fine musical organization. Mendelssohn was devoted to her, and never rallied from the effect of her death. - Her sisters Luise and Wilhelmine wrote poetry which was collectively published by Kletke (Berlin, 1857).


Hensler , Eliza. See Ferdinand (Augustus Francis Anthony).


Hephaestion , a Macedonian, the friend and companion of Alexander the Great, with whom he had been brought up. When, at the commencement of his Asiatic expedition, Alexander visited the site of Troy, Hephaestion accompanied him. He was frequently intrusted with commands of great importance, and for his services was rewarded with a golden crown on his arrival at Susa, and received in marriage Drypetis, the daughter of Darius and sister of Statira. From Susa he accompanied Alexander to Ecbatana, where he died of fever after an illness of seven days (325 or 324 B. C). Alexander's grief was excessive. His body was transported to Babylon, where a magnificent pyre and monument were erected; and orders were issued for a general mourning throughout the empire, and divine honor's to the deceased hero.


Hephaestus ,.See Vulcan.


Heptarchy ,.See England, vol. vi., p. 607.


Hera ,.See Juno.


Heracles ,.See Hercules.


Heraclidae ,.See Greece, vol. viii., p. 187.

Hercules Club

Hercules' Club , a trivial name for three widely different plants: 1. Zanthoxylum clava-Herculis, a large "West Indian tree of the same genus with our prickly ash; its smaller branches, thickly covered with short, straight, persistent prickles, are often made into walking canes. 2. A remarkable variety of the common gourd, lagenaria vulgaris, the fruit of which often exceeds 5 ft. in length; its greatest diameter is 4 or 5 in., and it is quite small near the stem. 3. Aralia spinosa, a large native shrub with an exceedingly prickly stem, also called angelica tree, and frequently culti vated on account of the tropical character of its foliage.