Jean Baptiste Apollinaire Lebas, a French engineer, born Aug. 13, 1797, died in 1873. In 1836 he removed the great obelisk of Luxor from Egypt to the Place de la Concorde, Paris, as described in his L' Obelisque de Luxor, his-toire de sa translation d Paris (Paris, 1839). He was keeper of the naval museum of the Louvre, and a member of the board of admiralty, retiring in 1858.
Jean Baptiste Auguste Clesinger, a French sculptor, born in Besancon about 1820. He studied under his father and in Italy, and acquired popularity in 1844 by his bust of Scribe. His subsequent works include a "Girl Bitten by a Serpent," a statue of Louise of Savoy, colossal busts of "Liberty" and "Fraternity," a statue of Rachel as "Phaedra," and one of "Tragedy " for the theatre Francais; equestrian statues of Francis I. and of Napoleon I. as Roman imperator, for the Louvre; an admirable figure of a "Gypsy Girl;" a bust of Charlotte Corday; and two statues of Sappho. He has executed many other works relating to classical and mythological subjects. In 18G7 he made busts of the emperor of Russia and of the king of Prussia (the present emperor of Germany) for the hotel de ville, and in 1869 a statue of " Cleopatra in presence of Ca?sar." He married the daughter of George Sand.
Jean Baptiste Bissot Vincennes, sieur de, an American soldier, born in Quebec in January, 1688, burned by the Chickasaws in 1736. He was the tenth child of Francois Bissot, and brother-in-law of Joliet, the explorer of the Mississippi. He was an active officer in the west, and in 1704 attacked an Ottawa party and rescued some Iroquois prisoners taken in violation of treaties, thus averting a war. He was engaged in 1712 in the operations against the Foxes at Detroit, and soon after founded the post that still bears his name. He took part in 1736 in an expedition from the Illinois country against the Chickasaws, while another attacked them from Louisiana. The latter expedition failed, and D'Artagnette and Vincennes, pushing on, carried some towns, but were finally defeated, and nearly all killed or taken. Vincennes, with D'Artagnette, Father Senat, and some others, was burned.
Jean Baptiste Christophe Fusee Aublet, a French botanist, born at Salon, in Provence, in 1720, died in Paris in 1778. He is celebrated for his botanical labors in Mauritius and in French Guiana. His herbarium was purchased by Sir Joseph Banks, and is now in the possession of the British museum.
Jean Baptiste Ciceron Lesueur, a French architect, born near Rambouillet, Oct. 5, 1794. He won the Roman prize at the school of fine arts in 1819, and spent several years in Italy. Returning to Paris, he designed the parish church of Vincennes (1828-'30), and subsequently was associated with Godde in enlarging the hotel de ville. In 1846 he was admitted to the institute, and in 1852 became professor in the school of fine arts. In 1857 he completed the conservatory of music at Geneva. He has written, among other works, Chronologic des rois d'Egypte, which received an academical prize in 1846, and was published at the expense of the government (1848-'50).