John Stow, an English antiquary, born in London in 1525, died April 5, 1605. He was bred a tailor, but from 1560 devoted himself to the study of the antiquities of English history. He made an extensive collection of papers, many of them Catholic records, which occasioned suspicion, and he was cited before an ecclesiastical commission on charges preferred by his own brother, but was acquitted. His works are: a "Summarie of Englysh Chronicles" (12mo, 1561); "Annales, or a Generall Chronicle of England" (4to, 1580); "A Survey of London" (4to, 1598; continued by John Strype, 2 vols., 1720; new eds., 1842 and 1846); and "The Successions of the History of England, from the Beginning of Edward VI. to the End of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth" (1638).
John Stripe, an English clergyman, born in London, Nov. 12, 1643, died Dec. 13, 1737. He was educated at St. Paul's school and at Cambridge, and from 1669 till about 1732 he was minister of Low Leyton in Essex. His works include " Memorials of the most renowned Father in God, Thomas Cranmer, sometime Lord Archbishop of Canterbury" (fob, 1694); "The Life of the Learned Sir Thomas Smith" (8vo, 1698); "Historical Collections relating to the Life and Acts of Bishop Aylmer" (8vo, 1701); "Annals of the Reformation" (4 vols, fob, 1709-'31); and "Ecclesiastical Memoirs" (3 vols, fol, 1721). He published an edition of Stow's "Survey of London" (2 vols, fob, 1720), with important additions of his own. His works have been reprinted at Oxford (29 vols. 8vo, 1S22-'S).
John Summerfield, an American clergyman, born in Preston, England, Jan. 31, 1798, died in New York, June 13, 1825. He was educated at a Moravian school, removed to Dublin in 1813, joined the Wesleyan society at the age of 19, and became a preacher. In 1821 he removed to New York, where his eloquence drew crowds to hear him. In 1822 he visited Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, and in December went to Paris, and then to England. In 1824 he returned to New York, and continued for a time to travel and preach. He was a founder of the American tract society. His biography has been written by John Holland (8vo, New York, 1829), and by William M. Willett (Philadelphia, 1857). His "Sermons and Sketches of Sermons " were published at New York in 1842.
John Syng Dorsey, an American physician, born in Philadelphia, Dec. 23, 1783, died Nov. 12, 1818. He studied medicine with his relative Dr. Physick, received the degree of M. D. in 1802, visited France and England, and returned home in December, 1804. He was elected adjunct professor of surgery in the Philadelphia medical school in 1807, was transferred to the chair of materia medica, and having given two courses of lectures on that subject, was chosen to succeed Dr. Wis-tar as professor of anatomy. On the evening after delivering his introductory lecture he was attacked by a fever, and died at the end of a week, having gained at the age of 35 the reputation of one of the first surgeons of America. He contributed valuable papers to several periodicals, and published "Elements of Surgery" (2 vols. 8vo, 1813), adopted as a text book in the university of Edinburgh.