Joseph Cauchon, a Canadian statesman and journalist, born in Quebec in 1820. He studied law, but, though admitted to the bar, never practised. In 1844 he was elected to the legislature for the county of Montmorency, and has been a member of parliament since that time. In 1851 he was offered a seat in the cabinet, but declined. The next year he attempted to form a French Canadian conservative opposition, but without success. In 1855 he became a member of the administration as commissioner of crown lands, and under his name a report was published attacking the monopoly of the Hudson Bay company. From 1867 to 1872 he was speaker of the senate. He afterward resigned his place in the administration and went into opposition. In 1842 he founded the "Quebec Journal," and has conducted it ever since.
Joseph Chitty, an English lawyer, born in 1776, died in 1841. He was eminent in his day as a special pleader, but has a more enduring fame as a writer of legal text books, indispensable to students and practitioners in English law. His chief works are a "Treatise on the Parties to Actions and to Pleadings" (1809); "Treatise on the Law of Nations relative to the Legal Effects of War on the Commerce of Belligerents and Neutrals, and on Orders in Council in Licenses" (1812); a "Practical Treatise on the Criminal Law " (4 vols., 1816); and a "Synopsis of Practice in the King's Bench and"Common Pleas" (1816).
Joseph Clay Neal, an American humorist, born in Greenland, N. H., Feb. 3, 1807, died in Philadelphia, July 3, 1848. He resided several years in Pottsville, Pa., but in 1831 became the "editor of the "Pennsylvania!!," a newspaper of Philadelphia. He went abroad in 1841, returned in 1842, and in 1844 established "Neal's Saturday Gazette," a weekly literary journal. In 1837 he published " Charcoal Sketches, or Scenes in a Metropolis;" in 1844 "Peter Plod-dy and other Oddities;" and subsequently a new series of "Charcoal Sketches." In 1846 he married Emily Bradley, who afterward acquired distinction as an author under the pseudonyme of " Cousin Alice." (See Haven, Alice Bradley).
Joseph Cottle, an English publisher and author, born about 1774, died in 1853. He was an early and generous friend of Coleridge and Southey, whose first poems he published while a bookseller at Bristol. He afterward wrote a volume of "Reminiscences" of those authors, poems entitled "Alfred," "The Fall of Cambria," and "Malvern Hills," essays on Socin-ianism, and other pieces in prose and verse. - His brother, Amos Cottle, who died in 1800, translated the Icelandic Edda into English verse, but is best known by Byron's reference to his name in "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers".
Joseph Dacre Carlyle, an English oriental scholar, born in Carlisle in 1759, died at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1804. Lie was educated at Cambridge, and elected fellow of Queen's college, where in 1794 he was appointed professor of Arabic. He was afterward chaplain to the embassy at Constantinople, and collected there valuable Greek and Syriac MSS. He projected a revised edition of the New Testament with the aid of these MSS., but did not live to complete his plan. He was the author of a translation of an Arabic history of Egypt; a volume of translations of Arabic poetry from the earliest times to the extinction of the caliphs; a posthumous volume of poems descriptive of the scenes of his travels; and an unfinished edition of the Arabic Bible.