Joseph Edmund Jorg, a German author, born at Immenstadt, Bavaria, Dec. 23, 1819. He studied theology at Munich, and was for several years amanuensis of Dollinger. In 1847 he became connected with the bureau of archives, and in 1852 succeeded Guido Gorres as editor of the Historisch-politische Blatter. In 1865 he became a member of the second Bavarian chamber, to which he has been repeatedly reelected, and in 1867 of the customs parliament. He is a prominent partisan of ultramontane views, and his works include Ge-schichte des grossen Bauernkriegs (Freiburg, 1850), Geschichte des Protestantismus in seiner neuesten Entwichelung (2 vols., 1857), and Geschichte der social-politischen Parteien in Deutschland (1867).
Joseph Ernst von Bandel, a German sculptor, born at Anspach, May 17, 1800. He studied at Nuremberg, Munich, and Rome, and is best known for his colossal national monument of the German hero Arminius, on the summit of the Grotenberg, near Detmold. The statue is of copper, 95 feet high. The work was begun in 1838, and suspended for want of funds, after a Gothic temple had been erected for the pedestal, and the statue itself had been made in detached pieces. An association was formed in 1862 for the collection of subscriptions. The king of Prussia in 1809 contributed 2,000 thalers, but more money is required for the completion of the work. In the delicacy and elegance of his works in marble, Bandel is hardly inferior to Canova. Among his best works are statues of Shakespeare and Goldoni for the Hanover theatre.
Joseph Etienne Camille Roqueplan, a French painter, born at Mallemort, near Aries, in 1803, died in Paris, Sept. 29, 1855. He became known in 1827 by his illustrations of Sir Walter Scott's romances. In 1853 his "Amateur Antiquary," painted in 1834, brought 30,000 francs. His latest and best painting was "The Well near the tall Fig Tree" (1852).
Joseph Eutych Kopp, a Swiss historian, born at Beromunster, Lucerne, in 1793, died Oct. 25, 1866. He was professor of Greek at Lucerne from 1819 to 1841, and afterward a member of the council of state and president of the board of education till 1845, when he was removed on account of his opposition to the restoration of the Jesuits. He has been called the Nie-buhr of Switzerland. In his Urkunden zur Beleuchtung der Geschichte der eidgenossischen Bunde (2 vols., Lucerne, 1835-'51), he disproves the authenticity of the story of "William Tell, and questions the propriety of the Swiss rising against the emperor Albert. His principal work, Geschichte der eidgenossischen Bunde (5 vols., Leipsic, 1845-62), was continued after his death by Alois Lutolf and Arnold Busson (Berlin, 1872).
Joseph Gwilt, an English architect, born in Southwark, Jan. 11, 1784, died at Henley, Sept. 14, 1803. His principal architectural works are Markham castle near Sligo, and Charlton church, near Woolwich. He published Notitia Architectonica Italiana (1818), a translation of Vitruvius (1826), and an "Encyclopaedia of Architecture" (1842), and edited Nicholson's "Principles of Architecture" (1848).