Magoffin, an E. county of Kentucky, watered by Licking river; area, about 000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,684, of whom 179 were colored. The surface is hilly and the soil moderately fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 5,971 bushels of wheat, 174,591 of Indian corn, 17,488 of oats, 10,060 of potatoes, 13.774 lbs. of wool, and 45,537 of butter. There were 1,003 horses, 1,532 milch cows, 2,908 other cattle, 0.130 sheep, and 5,848 swine. Capital, Salyersville.
See Hungaky, vol. ix., pp. 55 and 62.
Mahanoy City, a borough of Schuylkill co., Pennsylvania, 80 m. N. W. of Philadelphia and 56 m. N. E. of Harrisburg; pop. in 1870, 5,538; in 1874, including suburbs, about 10,-ooo. It is in the Mahanoy valley, 1,211 ft. above the sea, near the watershed between the Delaware and Susquehanna, in the midst of a rich anthracite region. It has railroad communication with Philadelphia, Harrisburg, and New York, by means of the Lehigh Valley and Philadelphia and Reading lines. It is supported by the neighboring mines, which disburse nearly $200,000 in wages monthly. It has a large foundery, a national and a state bank, two insurance companies, two public halls, three large school houses, a public library, two weekly newspapers, and 13 church-The first houses were erected in 1859.
Mahanuddy, a river of India, rising about lat. 21 N., Ion. 81° E. It flows N. E., S. E., and E., through the provinces of Berar and Orissa, and falls into the bay of Bengal through numerous deltoid arms which divide just below Cuttack, where during the rainy season it is 2 m. broad; its principal mouth is in lat. 20° 18', lon. 80° 4o'. It is about 480 m. long, and is navigable during the rains 300 m.; but during five or six months of the year a large part of its channel is dry, and it is fordable even at Cuttack. Diamonds of the finest quality are found in it and in its tributaries.
See Port Mahon.
Mahoning, a N. E. county of Ohio, bordering on Pennsylvania, drained by the Mahoning and Little Heaver rivers; area, 422 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 31,001. It has an undula-ting surface and a highly productive soil. Coal and iron ore are found. It is traversed by the Atlantic and Great Western and the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 175,1)07 bushels of wheat, 361,439 of Indian corn, 449,385 of oats, 124,758 of potatoes, 31,000 of flax seed, 2,684,-531 lbs. of flax, 91,757 of maple sugar, 295,-467 of wool. 963,557 of butter, and 45,371 tons of hay. There were 7,312 horses, 18,582 cattle, 68,055 sheep, and 8.667 swine; 3 manufactories of machinery, 3 of woollen goods, 2 of bolts and nuts, 1 of nails and spikes, 7 iron furnace-., 4 founderies, 2 rolling mills, 12 tanning and currying establishments, 5 flour mills, and 27 saw mills. Capital, Canfield.