Marl, a clay containing a large proportion of carbonate of lime, sometimes 40 to 50 per cent. If the marl consists largely of shells or fragments of shells, it is called shell marl. In New Jersey the layers of greensand are very generally known as marl beds, a name more correctly applied to the tertiary beds made up of marine fossil shells which are found near the coast of the middle and southern states, and are employed for fertilizing the soil. In the northern states rich marl deposits are often found at the bottom of ponds, in the form of a thin white mud filled with minute fresh-water shells of living species. (See Greensand).

Marmion W Savage

Marmion W Savage, an Irish novelist, died in Torquay, May 1, 1872. After holding for many years a public office in Dublin, he settled in London in 1856, and for several years edited the "Examiner." His "Bachelor of the Albany," "My Uncle the Curate," "Reuben Medlicott," and "The Falcon Family" were originally published under an assumed name, to avoid compromising his official position, as they were strongly imbued with the spirit of young Ireland. He also edited with notes Richard Lalor Sheil's "Sketches, Legal and Political" (2 vols., London, 1855).


Marne, a N. E. department of France, in Champagne, bordering on Aisne, Ardennes, Meuse, llaute-Marne, Aube, and Seine-et-Marne; area, 3,159 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 380,157. The surface is an inclined plane, sloping from E. to W., and diversified by a few hills of moderate elevation. It is divided into two nearly equal parts by the river Marne, whence it derives its name. The land adjoining this river is rich, but the soil elsewhere is in general light and barren. The principal rivers, besides the Marne, are the Aisne, Suippe, and Vesle in the north, and the Aube and Seine in the south. Great quantities of wine are made, mostly champagne. The most important manufacture is that of wool, which centres chiefly at Rheims. The department is divided into the arrondissements of Chalons-sur-Marne, Epernay, Rheims, Ste. Menehould, and Vitry-le-Francais. Capital, Chalons-sur-Marne.

Marne (Anc. Matrona)

Marne (Anc. Matrona), a river of France, which rises in the department of llaute-Marne, and, after a K W. course of about 280 m., falls into the Seine near Paris. Its principal tributaries are the Ornain, Blaise, Petit-Morin, and Grand-Morin. The chief cities on its banks are Langres, Chaumont, Joinville, St. Dizier, Vitry-le-Francais, Chalons, Epernay, and Meaux. It is navigable from its junction with the Seine to St. Dizier, 210 m. The Marne is connected with the Rhine and Aisne by means of canals.


Maros, a river of Hungary, which rises in Transylvania, near its E. frontier, flows N. W., S. W., and finally W., enters Hungary proper, and after a course of about 400 m. falls into the Theiss near Szegedin. Its principal affluents are the two Kokels in Transylvania, in which country its banks offer much picturesque scenery. The chief towns on its banks are, in Transylvania, Saxon Regen, Maros-Vasarhely, the principal town of the Szeklers, and the fortress Carlsburg; and in Hungary, Menes, Arad, and Mako.