Maros-Vasarhely, a town of Transylvania, capital of the district of Maros, on the river Maros, 50 m. N. E. of Hermannstadt; pop. in 1870, 12,678. It has a fortified castle, with barracks, five churches, among them a Gothic Evangelical church, a Franciscan convent, a gymnasium, a seminary, a library of 60,000 volumes, and a valuable cabinet of minerals. Here the Austrians, on Nov. 15,1848, obtained a victory over the Szeklers. The town was shortly after occupied by Gen. Bern.
See Buhl Work.
Mars-La-Toir, a village of France, in the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, 13 m. W. of Metz, on the road to Verdun and Paris. It is celebrated for a battle fought here and at Vionville, Aug. 16, 1H70, in which Prince Frederick Charles achieved a great strategical victory over Bazaine, who by this defeat was prevented from leaving Metz. The fighting was obstinate, and during a part of the day the Germans were opposed to vastly superior forces. Their losses were estimated at 640 officers and 15,170 men; the French lost 879 officers and 16,128 men. The greater part of the battle field is in the territory ceded to Germany, the new boundary line being in the immediate vicinity of the French village.
Martianns Mincus Felix Capella, a writer supposed to have flourished in the latter part of the 5th century, and to have been a native of Carthage. His principal work is an allegorical medley in prose and verse entitled Satyra de Nuptiis Philologim et Mercurii. It consists of nine books, of which the first two describe the marriage of Philology and Mercury, and the remaining seven treat of the liberal sciences. Copernicus is believed to have derived a hint of his system from an assertion in one of these books that Mercury and Venns revolve about the sun; and Boethius is said to have taken from Capella the model of his Consolationes Philosophice. The best editions of Capella are those of Hugo Grotius (8vo, Leyden, 1599) and Kopp (4to, Frankfort, 1836).
Martin Barry, an English physiologist, horn at Stratton, Hampshire, in March, 1802, died at Beccles, Suffolk, April 27, 1855. He received his doctor's diploma in Edinburgh in 1833, and was house surgeon of the royal maternity hospital in that city. He was the first to demonstrate, in his contributions to the "Philosophical Transactions " of the royal society of London (1840-'43), that spermatozoa actually penetrate within the ovum. He also established the fact of the segmentation of the yolk in the mammals, and made other discoveries in embryology.
Martin De Vos, a Flemish painter, born in Antwerp about 1530, died there in 1603 or 1604. He studied in his native city under his father, Peter de Vos, a native of Leyden, and under Francis Floris, and in Venice under Tintoretto. There are upward of 600 prints after his designs. He chiefly excelled in religious paintings, the best in the museum of Antwerp being "The Triumph of Christ," "Caesar's Penny," and "St. Luke painting the Portrait of the Virgin".