Montgolfier

See Aeronautics.

Montgomeryshire

Montgomeryshire, a county of Wales, bordering on the counties of Denbigh, Salop (England), Radnor, Cardigan, and Merioneth; area, 755 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 67,789. It consists mostly of wild, rugged, and sterile mountains, the highest of which is Plinlimmon, on the S. W. border of the county, its culminating peak, 2,481 ft. high, being just within the border of Cardiganshire. There are some fertile valleys, the best being that of the Severn, whose head waters traverse the county. The chief rivers, besides the Severn, are the Vyrnwy, Wye, and Dovey. In the districts bordering on England agriculture has made considerable progress. Copper, zinc, coal, and limestone are mined. The staple manufactures are flannels, and a species of cotton called " Welsh plains." Capital, Montgomery.

Montlucon

Montlucon, a town of France, in the department of Allier, on the Cher, and on the canal du Berry, 111 m. W. N. W. of Lyons; pop. in 1866,18,675. It has ruins of an ancient castle and of old walls and towers, an industrial school, iron works, and extensive manufactories of mirrors, glass, linen, coarse woollens, and chemicals. It is connected by railway with Moulins, Bourges, and Limoges.

Montmorency, Or Montmorenci

Montmorency, Or Montmorenci, a river of the province of Quebec, Canada, which rises in Snow lake, Montmorency co., and flowing S. empties into the St. Lawrence, about 8 m. below Quebec. Just above its mouth it falls over a nearly perpendicular precipice a distance of 250 ft., with a width of 50 ft. About 1 1/2 m. above the falls the river has worn a series of natural steps in the limestone rock. At the foot of the falls a cone of ice is formed every winter, sometimes 200 ft. high. The falls of Montmorency are much resorted to by tourists and visitors from Quebec, and the drive to them from the city is very beautiful.

Montour

Montour, an E. central county of Pennsylvania, intersected in the south by the N. ranch of the Susquehanna river, and drained by ( hillwquaque, Mahanouring, and Big Roaringgreeks; area, 210 s.,. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,344. Its surface is traversed E. and W. by barren ridges, including Montour's and Lime-stone ridges and Muncy hills. There are several mines producing large quantities of iron. The valleys are fertile. I, is traversed by the North Branch canal, and by the Catawissa railroad, pacing through Danville. The chief productions in 1870 were 111,384 bushels of wheat,176,941 of Indian corn, 179,518 oat" 54,24l of potatoes, 192 048 lbs. of butter, and 10,142 tons of hay. There were 1,692 horses, 2,340 milch cows, 1,736 other cattle, 2,809 sheep, and 5,697 swine; 2 manufactories of forged and rolled iron, 3 of pig iron, 5 of castings, 2 breweries, 5 flour mills, 4 saw mills, and 8 tanneries. Capital, Danville.

Montreux; A Commune Of Switzerland

Montreux; A Commune Of Switzerland, in the canton of Vaud and district of Vevay, celehrated for its salubrity and the beauty of its situation. It extends between ridges of the Col de Jaman and the E. extremity of the lake of Geneva, and consists of about 20 villages, with an aggregate population in 1870 of 4,731. The best known village is Clarens. The village of Montreux, near the castle of Chillon, on the lake and 40 m. N. E. of the city of Geneva, is the most frequented in winter, especially by sufferers from diseases of the heart. The mountains on the north protect it against cold and snow, and heavy frosts are unusual. Roses and violets bloom during almost the whole year. The grape cure begins early in September. The rate of mortality is said to be lighter in this locality than in any other part of the world.