Robert Bentley Todd

Robert Bentley Todd, a British physiologist, born in Dublin in 1809, died in London, Jan. 30, 1860. He was educated in Trinity college, Dublin, went to London in 1831, became professor of physiology and anatomy in King's college in 1837, and was also professor of clinical medicine in King's college hospital. He had great reputation as a practitioner, and published " Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology " (4 vols. 8vo); " The Physiological Anatomy and Physiology of Man" (2 vols. 8vo), in conjunction with Dr. Bowman; "Anatomy of the Brain, Spinal Cord," etc.; " Lectures on Paralysis and Brain Diseases;" and " Treatise on Gout and Rheumatism".

Robert Bisset

Robert Bisset, an English writer, born in 1759, died May 14, 1805. He was a graduate of the university of Edinburgh, and is known as a continuator of the histories of Hume and Smollett, which he brought down to the end of the reign of George III. He published an essay on democracy and a life of Edmund Burke (1786), a romance called "Douglas," and an edition of the "Spectator," with lives of the various contributors and valuable notes.

Robert Blair

Robert Blair, a Scottish poet, born in Edinburgh in 1699, died Feb. 4, 1746. He was minister of Athelstaneford, East Lothian, from 1731 till his death. His poem of "The Grave," in blank verse, which appeared after his death (London, 1747), was highly praised by Campbell.

Robert Blakey

Robert Blakey, an English metaphysician and author, born at Morpeth, Northumberland, in 1795. He published in 1829 "The Freedom of the Divine and Human Wills," and his reputation was increased in 1833 by his "History of Moral Science," which has been adopted as a text book in several American colleges. In 1834 he published an "Essay on Logic," and in 1835 was appointed professor of logic and metaphysics in Queen's college, Belfast; but the state of his health disabled him from teaching. His chief work is a "History of the Philosophy of Mind" (4 vols., 1848; new ed., 1850). The degree of Ph. D. was conferred on him by the university of Jena. Among his other works are "Lives of the Primitive Fathers" (1842), "Temporal Benefits of Christianity" (184!)), "Historical Sketch of Logic" (1851), and "History of Political Literature" (3 vols., 1855 ,et seq,). He has also published several volumes on angling and sporting topics.

Robert Cadell

Robert Cadell, a Scottish bookseller, died in Edinburgh, Jan. 20, 1849. He undertook the publication of Sir Walter Scott's works after the failure of Constable and Ballantyne. His enterprise aided Scott materially in his effort to pay the debts for which he was liable upon the failure of Constable, amounting to nearly £150,000. Scott paid all except about £30,000, which was advanced by Cadell after Scott's death, on the security of his copyrights, and the outstanding debts were paid in full.

Robert Calef

Robert Calef, a merchant of Boston, Mass., died at Roxbury, April 13, 1719. He wrote a book in answer to Cotton Mather's " Wonders of the Invisible World," which he entitled "More Wonders of the Invisible World " (London, 1700). It was denounced in pamphlets and from the pulpit, and was publicly burned in the yard of Harvard college, by order of Increase Mather, then president of that institution. It had great influence, however, in removing the prevalent delusion in regard to witchcraft.