See North Carolina, vol. xii., p. 489.
Rob Roy (literally, Robert the Red), a Scottish outlaw, born about 1660, died about 1738. His true name was Robert Macgregor, which, after the outlawry of the clan Macgregor by the Scottish parliament in 1693, he changed for that of his mother, Campbell. Previous to the rebellion of 1715 he was a dealer in cattle; but having joined the pretender, he gave his enemy, the duke of Montrose, an excuse for seizing his lands. He retaliated by a war of reprisals upon the duke. For many years he continued to levy blackmail upon his enemies in spite of the presence of a British garrison near his residence at Aberfoyle. His name and exploits have survived chiefly through Scott's novel, "Rob Roy".
Robert Bage, an English novelist, born at Derby in 1728, died at Tamworth in 1801. He was a paper-maker, in which trade he continued for the greater part of his life. His principal works are "Mount Heneth," "Bar-ham Downs," "The Fair Syria!)," and "James Wallace." Sir Walter Scott recommended that he should be included in Ballantyne's "Novelist's Library," and wrote his life for that work.
Robert Barewell, an English agriculturist, born at Dishley in Leicestershire about 1725, died Oct. 1, 1795. He succeeded his father in 1760 as proprietor of the Dishley farm, where he introduced the long-horned breed of cattle and paid special attention to the development of sheep. His horses and pigs were also noted in their day. His aim was to secure cattle that would fatten on the smallest quantity of food. Mr. Bakewell introduced into English agriculture the practice of flooding meadows. He never contributed anything to literature, but Arthur Young, in his " Annals of Agriculture," fully described and praised his plans and improvements.
Robert Baylor Semple, an American clergyman, born at Rose Mount, King and Queen co., Va., Jan. 20, 1769, died at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 25, 1831. He studied theology, became in 1790 pastor of the Bruington Baptist church, and took a leading part in the educational and missionary operations of his denomination, and in the colonization society. In 1820 he was elected president of the Baptist triennial convention, and held the office till his death. In 1827 he became the financial agent of Columbian college, D. C, retaining his pastorate. He published a catechism; a "History of Virginia Baptists," with several biographical notices appended (1810); a "Memoir of Elder Straughan;" and "Letters to Alexander Campbell".
Robert Bentley, an English botanist, born at Hitchin, Herts, in 1823. He early became a member of the royal college of surgeons, and subsequently professor of botany in King's college, London, as well as of materia medica and botany to the pharmaceutical society of Great Britain, dean of the medical faculty, and president of the British pharmaceutical congress in 1866 and 1867. He applies botany to medicine, was one of the editors of Pereira's "Manual of Materia Medica and Therapeutics," and has published a " Manual of Botany," which recently reached a second edition.