Samuel Purchas, an English author, born at Thaxted, Essex, in 1577, died about 1628. He was educated at St. John's college, Cambridge, and in 1604 became vicar of Eastwood in Essex. Removing to London, he received the rectory of St. Martin's, Ludgate, and became chaplain to Archbishop Abbot. He compiled from more than 1,300 authorities a work entitled "Purchas his Pilgrimage, or Relations of the World, and the Religions observed in all Ages, and Places discovered, from the Creation unto this present" (fol., 1613); and a collection of voyages under the title, "Purchas his Pilgrimmes" (4 vols, fol., 1625). The third and fourth volumes relate to America. He also wrote "Microcosmus, or the History of Man" (1619), and "The King's Tower, and Triumphant Arch of London" (1623).
Samuel Roberts Wells, an American phrenologist, born in West Hartford, Conn., April 4, 1820, died in New York, April 13, 1875. In 1844 he became a partner in the publishing house of O. S. and L. N. Fowler in New York, under the name of Fowlers and Wells, and in 1863 became sole proprietor. He accompanied L. N. Fowler in extended phrenological lecturing tours through the United States, Canada, and Great Britain. From 1850 to 1862 he edited the "Water Cure Journal," from 1863 till his death the "Phrenological Journal," and from 1865 the "Annual of Phrenology and Physiognomy." His more important publications are: " New Physiognomy " (New York, 1866), "How to Bead Character" (1869), and "Wedlock" (1869).
Samuel Solly, an English surgeon, born in 1805, died in London, Sept. 24, 1871. He became a member of the London college of surgeons in 1828, lecturer on practical anatomy and assistant surgeon to St. Thomas's hospital in 1833, and subsequently attending surgeon. He was also for many years lecturer on surgery. His principal work is "Anatomy and Pathology of the Brain " (2d ed., 1847), which was for a long time a valuable and standard book. He also published " Surgical Experiences" (1865). He was fellow, member of the council, and for two years vice president of the college of surgeons.
Samuel Sullivan Cox, an American lawyer and politician, born at Zanesville, Ohio, Sept. 30, 1824. He graduated at Brown university in 1846, and became a lawyer and editor in Ohio, travelled in Europe, and in 1855 was appointed secretary of legation to Peru. In 1856 he was elected to congress from Ohio, and reelected in 1858, 1860, and 1862, thus serving for eight years. During the civil war he took a prominent part in opposition to the general policy of the administration. In 1866 he took up his residence in New York, and was elected to congress from that city in 1868, and reelected in 1870. In 1872 he was defeated as candidate at large for the state, his opponent having a majority of 37,599. He has published "The Buckeye Abroad" (1852), "Eight Years in Congress" (1865), and "Search for Winter Sunbeams," a narrative of travel in Italy, Corsica, Algeria, and Spain (1870).