Samuel Thomas Bloomfield, D. D., an English scholar and critic, born in 1790, died at Wandsworth Common, Sept. 28, 1869. He was educated at Sidney college, Cambridge, took orders, and held till the end of his life the vicarage of Bisbrooke, Rutland. He published, under the title Recensio Synoptica, exegetical, critical, and doctrinal annotations on the New Testament (8 vols., 1826); a Greek and English lexicon to the New Testament, revised and enlarged from Dr. Robinson's (1829); a translation of Thucydides (3 vols., 1829); Thucyd-ides's "History of the Peloponnesian War," with a new recension of the Greek text and elaborate notes (2 vols., 1843); and "TheGreek Testament, with English Notes, critical, philological," etc. (2 vols., 18:52; 9th ed., 1855). Dr. Bloomfield's Greek Testament has been more largely used, both in England and the United States, than that of any other English critic, and is still highly approved as a learned, judicious, and trustworthy work.
Samuel Thomas You Sommerling, a German physiologist, born in Thorn, Jan. 18, 1755, died in Frankfort, March 2, 1830. He studied medicine at Gottingen, and became professor of anatomy at Cassel in 1778, and at Mentz in 1784. In 1790 he began to practise medicine at Frankfort, and returned to that city in 1820 after spending 15 years in Munich as physician to the king of Bavaria, who ennobled him. His works include Tom Baue des menschlichen Korpers (5 vols., 1791-'6; new ed., 9 vols., 1839-'44); De Corporis Humani Fabrica (6 vols., 1794-1801); and Ueber das Organ der Seele (1796), teaching that the soul has its seat in a vapor-like fluid in the cavities of the brain.
Samuel Tyler, an American author, born in Prince George's co., Md., Oct. 22, 1809. He was admitted to the Maryland bar in 1831, and settled in Frederick City, where he has since resided. In 1836 he contributed to the "Princeton Review" an article on "Balfour's Inquiry," which was followed by several philosophical articles, and a volume entitled "A Discourse of the Baconian Philosophy" (1844). He has also published "Burns as a Poet and as a Man" (New York, 1848); "The Progress of Philosophy in the Past and in the Future" (1859; 2d ed., 1868); and a biography of Chief Justice Taney (1872).
Samuel Webbe,' an English composer, born in Minorca in 1740, died in London in 1824. He learned the trade of cabinet making, but afterward studied music, and at the age of 26 gained a prize from the catch club for a canon. He rose into eminence as a composer of glees, catches, and canons, a collection of which, numbering over 100 compositions, was published in three volumes. He also wrote masses, anthems, single songs, and other miscellaneous pieces.
Samuel Whitbread, an English statesman, born in London in 1758, committed suicide July 6, 1815. He was educated at Cambridge, and sat in parliament from 1790 till his death. He was a leader of the whigs, and conducted the impeachment of Lord Melville. He took an active part in the affairs of Drury Lane theatre, and the troubles in which it was involved were thought to have brought on the derangement which led to his suicide.