Wilhelm Roscher, a German economist, born in Hanover, Oct. 21, 1817. He graduated at Berlin in 1840, and was professor there from 1843 to 1846, and afterward at Leipsic. His principal works are: System der Volkswirth-schaft (vol. i., Die Grundlagen der National-ökonomie, Stuttgart, 1854; 9th ed., 1871; vol. ii., Nationalökonomie des Ackerbaues, 1859; 6th ed., 1870); and Geschichte der Nationalökonomie in Deutschland (Munich, 1874).
Wilhelm Sebastian von Belling, a Prussian soldier, born Feb. 15, 1719,. died at Stolpe, Pomerania, Nov. 28, 1779. In 1739 he was a cornet, in 1758 commander of a regiment of hussars, and having been successful in many campaigns, especially in grappling at the head of a small force with the whole Swedish army, he was made major general in 1762, lieutenant general in 1776, and received in 1778 the order of the Black Eagle. He was the most famous hussar officer of the seven years' war. His small size and that of his horse made him a target for the enemy; but his contempt for danger and his lively manners made him a special favorite with Frederick the Great.
Wilhelm Sigismund Teuffel, a German philologist, born in Ludwigsburg, Sept. 27, 1820. He studied at the university of Tubingen, devoted himself to the critical study of Horace, and published valuable papers on the works and times of that author. In 1845 he became editor of the Realencyhlopadie der classischen Alterthumswissenschaft, begun by Pauly. In 1849 he was appointed professor of classical philology in Tubingen. He has especially studied the literary history of Greece and Rome, and of late also of Germany, and his various publications on single authors, as Juvenal, Aristophanes, and AEschylus, were universally received as important. His principal work, Gesehichte der romischen Literatur (2 vols., Leipsic, 1868-70), has been translated into several languages (London, 1874).
Wilhelm Von Biela, baron, a German soldier and astronomer, born at Rosla, near Nordhausen, March 19, 1782, died in Venice, Feb. 18, 1856. He was an officer in the Austrian army, and retired with the rank of major, lie discovered telescopic comets in 1823 and 1825, and acquired celebrity in 1826 by the discovery on Feb. 27, while stationed at Josephstadt, Bohemia, of a periodical comet visible every 6 3/4 years, and which is called after him. His most important contributions to astronomical science are contained in Schumacher's Astronomische Nachrichten.
Wilhelm Wolff, a German sculptor, born at Fehrbellin, Brandenburg, April 6, 1816. He is called Thierwolff, to distinguish him from Emil Wolff, and on account of his sculptures of animals. Among these are a buffalo struggling with wolf dogs; a lion startled by a serpent and combating it; "The Lion's Ride," after Freihgrath's poem; and a bacchante playing with a panther. His other productions comprise a colossal bust of Herder, statues of the elector Joachim II. and the electress Louisa Henrietta, and a large bust of Sebastian Bach.