Yellow-Hammer (Emberiza Citrinella Linn)

Yellow-Hammer (Emberiza Citrinella Linn) a very common European bird of the bunting family. It is 71/8 in. long and 11 in. in extent of wings; in the male the head and throat are bright yellow, on the crown the feathers tipped with black; breast brownish red; back and wings bright red, the centre of each feather brownish black; body rather stout. It is very common throughout Europe in the wooded districts, familiar, and a permanent resident; in winter it is seen with sparrows, finches, etc, in the fields, and about hedges, coming into farm yards when the ground is covered with snow; the food consists of the seeds of grains and grasses; the nest is on or near the ground, and the eggs four or five, £ by 2/3 in., purplish white with streaks and dots of black. When deprived of its eggs, its doleful notes in some parts of Scotland have been interpreted as "De'il, de'il, de'il take ye;" hence its name of "devil bird".

Yellowstone National Park

See Wyoming, territory.


Yenisei, a river of Siberia, traversing the central government of Yeniseisk from S. to N, and draining a basin of nearly 1,000,000 sq. m. It rises in Mongolia, and at first flows W. and then, after passing the Siberian frontier, nearly due N. to a wide estuary called the Yenisei gulf, an arm of the sea of Kara, in lat. 72° 20' N, Ion. 82° E. It is about 2,500 m. long, and receives from the right, besides many smaller tributaries, the Upper Tunguska or Angara, the Podkamennaya (Stony) or Middle Tunguska, the Lower Tunguska, and the Kureika, and from the left the Yelogui and some smaller streams. The towns of Minusinsk, Krasnoyarsk, Yeniseisk, and Turukhansk are On its banks. It is navigable for large ships to Turukhansk, but is generally obstructed by ice.


See Larissa.

Yevgeni Abramovitch Baratynski

Yevgeni Abramovitch Baratynski, a Russian poet, died in Italy in September, 1844. He was educated at St. Petersburg, served eight years as a soldier in Finland, and afterward lived in Moscow. "Eda," the first offspring of his muse, is a spirited poem, with strong local coloring and Finnish characteristics. His most agreeable production is the "Gypsy," a graceful picture of the best features of Russian 'high life.


Yolo, a W. county of California, bordering N. W. on the Coast mountains, and E. on the Sacramento river, and watered by several small tributaries of that stream; area, 1,150 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,899, of whom 395 were Chinese. The E. half is level; W. of this is a belt of slightly undulating prairie, graduallv rising into the lower slopes of the Coast range. The level portion has mostly a rich alluvial soil. Agriculture is the principal industry.' It is traversed by the California Pacific railroad, lne chief productions in 1870 were 2,025,612 bushels of wheat, 499,926 of barley, 15,520 of potatoes, 10,250 gallons of wine, 437,048 lbs. of wool, 186,929 of butter, and 27,186 tons of hay. There were 8,739 horses, 1,206 mules and asses, 12,189 cattle, 83,087 sheep, and 26,855 swine. Capital, Woodland.