Bulstrode Whitelocke, an English statesman, born in London, Aug. 2, 1605, died at Chilton, Wiltshire, Jan. 28, 1676. He was the son of Sir James Whitelocke, judge of the common pleas, was educated at Oxford, entered the. Middle Temple, and in 1640 was elected to the long parliament. He was chair' man of the committee for managing the im peachment of the earl of Strafford. In 1642 he was made deputy lieutenant of Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, and with Hampden dispersed the commissioners of array assembled at Watlington. In November, 1642, he was present at the defence of Brentford; subsequently was one of the commissioners sent to Oxford to treat for peace; and was a member of the Westminster assembly, where he opposed the adoption of Presbyterianism. In 1644 he was appointed governor of Windsor castle. In 1645 he opposed the self-denying ordinance, became one of the commissioners of the admiralty, and a member of the commission sent to Uxbridge to negotiate with Charles. He refused to join in drawing up the charges against Charles, though named one of the members for that purpose, and disapproved of the proceedings at the king's trial.
He was afterward for a time one of the commissioners of the great seal, and held several other offices, and in September, 1653, was appointed ambassador to Sweden, where he made a satisfactory treaty. In August, 1654, he was elected to Cromwell's second parliament; and on its dissolution he was made commissioner of the treasury, and subsequently one of the council of trade. In December, 1657, he was called to Cromwell's house of peers, and on Aug. 21, 1658, the protector created him a viscount, which honor he refused. After the death of Cromwell he was made by his son Richard one of the commissioners of the great seal, and after the displacement of Richard he was named member of the council of state.. As president of this body he repressed the insurrection of Sir George Booth, refused to aid Monk, and on the reassembling of the long parliament gave up the great seal. He wrote "Memorials of the English Affairs from the Beginning of the Reign of King Charles the First to the Happy Restoration of King Charles the Second" (1682; enlarged, 1732; new ed., 4 vols. 8vo, Oxford, 1853); "Journal of the Swedish Embassy in 1653 and 1654" (1772; new ed., 1855); and "Memorials of the English Affairs from the supposed Expedition of Brute to this Island to the End of the Reign of King James the First," published in 1709 by William Penn.