Chittnden. I. Thomas, the first governor of Vermont, born in East Guilford, Conn., Jan. 6, 1730, died at Williston, Chittenden co., Vt., Aug. 25, 1797. He represented Salisbury, Conn., in the legislature of that state for several years, and was also a colonel of militia and a justice of the peace. In May, 1774, he removed with his family to Vermont, and during the revolutionary war was repeatedly obliged to change his residence. He was a member of the convention at Dorset, in September, 1776, for the purpose of taking into consideration the expediency of declaring Vermont an independent state. He was one of the committee that drafted the Vermont declaration of independence, and was also one of the committee appointed to petition congress to acknowledge the independence of the state. He was a leading member of the convention at Windsor, July 2, 1777, which formed the first constitution of Vermont, and was president of the council of safety, which was vested with all the powers of government, executive, legislative, and judicial, to be exercised until the government should be organized under the constitution. In 1778 he was elected governor of Vermont, which office he held with the exception of one year till his death.
A memoir of him, with a history of the constitution of Vermont during his administration, by Daniel Chipman, was published in 1849. II. Martin, son of the preceding, born at Salisbury, Conn., March 12, 1766, died at Williston, Vt., Sept. 5, 1840. He graduated at Dartmouth college in 1789, and commenced farming at Jericho, Chittenden co.; was a member of the convention in Vermont that adopted the constitution of the United States; was appointed side judge of the county court, and reelected for three years, and then appointed chief judge of the same court, and reelected seven years successively. In 1803 he was elected member of congress, and received four reelections. From 1813 to 1815 he was governor of Vermont.