Eric Bollmann, a German physician and politician, born at Hoya, Hanover, in 1769, died in London in 1821. He practised medicine in Carlsruhe and in Paris, having settled in the latter city soon after the outbreak of the great revolution. He accompanied Count Narbonne in his flight to England in 1792. About this time Lafayette was seized by the Austrians after he had crossed the frontier to avoid arrest by the revolutionary agents, and had been imprisoned at Olmutz. Great pains were taken by the Austrians to keep the place of his detention secret, and for a long time his family and friends could not learn where he was. Lally-Tollendal, who was then a refugee in London, became acquainted with Dr. Boll-mann, and being greatly impressed with his courage and address engaged him to search for Lafayette. Bollmann for this purpose established himself as a physician in Vienna, and soon learned that Lafayette was at Olmutz.-He now formed a plan to rescue him, in conjunction with Francis Kinlock Huger, a young South Carolinian then travelling in Austria, whose father was a personal friend of Lafayette. Dr. Bollmann made the acquaintance of the surgeon of the prison, and through him contrived to enter into correspondence with Lafayette, who at that time was allowed occasionally to take an airing in a carnage accompanied by two soldiers.
On one of these occasions Bollmann and Huger waylaid the carriage, drove away the guards, rescued the prisoner, and mounted him on a horse, directing him to ride to Hoff, where they had stationed a carriage in readiness to receive him. Lafayette misunderstood the instruction given to him, and riding in the wrong direction was recaptured and sent back to prison. Bollmann escaped into Prussia, but was soon arrested and delivered up to the Austrians, by whom he was confined for nearly a year, but at length released on condition of quitting the country. He went to the United States, where he was well received, but in 1806 became implicated in Aaron Burr's conspiracy. In 1814 he returned to Europe, and after a second visit to this country settled in London. He wrote several works on banking and on political economy.