Griscom ,.I. 'John, an American educator, born at Hancock's Bridge, Salem co., N. J., Sept. 27, 1774, died in Burlington, N. J., Feb. 26, 1852. He belonged to a family of Friends, passed his youth on a farm, and began to teach when but 17 years old. He studied for a time at the Friends' academy in Philadelphia, and afterward for 13 years had charge of the Friends' monthly meeting school in Burlington, during which time students were attracted thither from all the surrounding states. In 1807 he removed to New York, and taught there for 25 years. In 1818-'19 he travelled extensively in Europe, visiting the principal institutions of learning and charity, prisons, and manufactories, and in 1823 published "A Year in Europe " (2 vols.). He was one of the founders and for six years secretary of the society for the prevention of pauperism, and was the author of many of its reports. He was also the projector of the New York high school, which was under his supervision from 1825 to 1831. He was literary principal of a Friends' boarding school in Providence, R. L, from 1831 to 1835, when he removed to Burlington. In the last years of his life he reorganized the common school system of New Jersey. His biography, by his son John II. Griscom, was published in New York in 1859. II. John Hoskins, an American physician, son of the preceding, horn in New York, Aug. 13, 1809, died there, April 28, 1874. He studied at the Rutgers medical college, New York, and at the university of Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1832, his inaugural thesis being published by the faculty.

In 1833 he was appointed assistant physician to the New York dispensary, and in 1834 chief physician. He was professor of chemistry in the New York college of pharmacy from 1836 to 1840. In 1843 he was appointed physician to the New York hospital, which post he held till 1867. He was for 15 years a member of the prison association, and for 10 years the chairman of its executive committee. He paid much attention to hygiene and the ventilation of buildings, and wrote several treatises upon these subjects. His principal works are : " Animal Mechanism and Physiology" (1839); "Sanitary Condition of the Laboring Classes of New York" (1844); "Uses and Abuses of Air, and the Means for the Ventilation of Buildings" (1850); "Hospital Hygiene" (1853); "A History, Chronological and Circumstantial, of the Visitations of the Yellow Fever in New York" (1858); "First Lessons in Physiology, with Brief Rules of Health, for the use of Schools" (1860); "Sanitary Legislation, Past, Present, and Future" (1861); and "Use of Tobacco, and the Evils resulting from it" (1868).