Hancock , the name of ten counties in the United States. I. A S. E. county of Maine, bordering on the Atlantic, and bounded W. in part by Penobscot river and bay; area, 2,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 36,495. It is watered by Union river and several mill streams. The surface is uneven, and diversified with hills and lakes; the seacoast, including a number of islands, among which is the island of Mt. Desert, is broken by many good harbors; the soil is fertile. Many of the inhabitants are engaged in cod and mackerel fishing. The chief productions in 1870 were 2,999 bushels of wheat, 5,971 of Indian corn, 34,396 of oats, 32,798 of barley, 221,379 of potatoes, 72,827 lbs. of wool, 531,997 of butter, and 32,653 tons of hay. There were 1,958 horses, 5,777 milch cows, 2,399 working oxen, 5,103 other cattle, 20,084 sheep, and 1,444 swine; 2 manufactories of wooden boxes, 10 of bricks, 3 of carriages, 15 of barrels and casks, 6 of marble and stone work, 6 of fish oil, 6 of saddlery and harness, 6 of sails, 9 tanneries, 1 planing mill, 35 saw mills, 4 establishments for curing and packing fish, 9 for building and repairing ships, and 6 for wool carding and cloth dressing.
Capital, Ellsworth. II. The N. county of West Virginia, forming the extremity of the "Panhandle," bordering on Pennsylvania, and separated from Ohio on the N. and W. by the Ohio river; area, about 100 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,363, of whom 27 were colored. It has a hilly surface and a fertile soil, and contains coal and fire clay. The chief productions in 1870 were 34,270 bushels of wheat, 83,180 of Indian corn, 68,494 of oats, 34,578 of potatoes, 128,642 lbs. of wool, 70,558 of butter, and 4,351 tons of hay. There were 835 horses, 869 milch cows, 1,001 other cattle, 26,353 sheep, and 1,892 swine; 2 manufactories of stone and earthen ware, 14 of brick, and 2 saw mills. Capital, Fairview. III. An E. central county of Georgia, bounded W. by the Oconee river, and E. by the N. fork of the Ogeechee; area, 440 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,317, of whom 7,672 were colored. The surface and soil are diversified. It is well timbered, and contains granite, gold, agate, chalcedony, opal, kaolin, galena, zircon, and other minerals. The Macon and Augusta railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 8,078 bushels of wheat, 141,630 of Indian corn, 17,794 of oats, 26,404 of sweet potatoes, 87,229 lbs. of butter, and 9,624 bales of cotton.
There were 656 horses, 938 mules and asses, 1,430 milch cows, 3,174 other cattle, 1,634 sheep, and 5,893 swine; 1 cotton factory, and 2 saw mills. Capital, Sparta. IV. An extreme S. county of Mississippi, bounded S. by the gulf of Mexico, and W. by Pearl river, which separates it from Louisiana; area, about 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,239, of whom 1,186 were colored. The surface is hilly in the X. and nearly level in the S.; the soil is moderately fertile. Pine forests abound. The New Orleans, Mobile, and Texas railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 3,394 bushels of Indian corn; value of live stock, $51,075. There were 8 saw mills. Capital, Shieldsborough. V. A N. E. county of Tennessee, bordering on Virginia, and drained by Clinch and Powells rivers; area, 480 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,148, of whom 585 were colored. It is mountainous, well timbered, and thought to be rich in iron ore. The chief productions in 1870 were 22,956 bushels of wheat, 204,190 of Indian corn, 41,308 of oats, 10,453 of potatoes, 13,967 lbs. of wool, and 55,029 of butter. There were 1,263 horses, 1,514 milch cows, 2,540 other cattle, 7,365 sheep, and 10,690 swine.
It has a hilly and undulating surface, the uplands being generally fertile, and the river bottoms extremely rich. The chief productions in 1870 were 12,354 bushels of wheat, 376,915 of Indian corn, 23,930 of oats, and 1,679,384 lbs. of tobacco. There were 1,961 horses, 1,249 milch cows, 1,622 other cattle, 5,099, sheep, and 9,449 swine; 3 flour mills, 1 manufactory of furniture, and 4 saw mills. Capital, Hawesville. VII. A N. W. county of Ohio, drained by branches of Auglaize and Portage rivers; area, 536 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 23,847. It has a level surface and a rich soil, and abounds in limestone. It is traversed by the Lake Erie and Louisville, and the Findlay branch of the Cincinnati, Sandusky, and Cleveland railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 514,183 bushels of wheat, 701,222 of Indian corn, 286,-822 of oats, 80,763 of potatoes, 19,832 of flaxseed, 240,468 lbs. of wool, 91,849 of maple sugar, 765,744 of butter, and 32,903 tons of hay. There were 9,313 horses, 8,078 milch cows, 11,672 other cattle, 56,622 sheep, and 28,299 swine; 10 manufactories of carriages, 2 of clothing, 8 of furniture, 1 of engines and boilers, 1 of linseed oil, 8 of saddlery and harness, 4 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 1 of woollen goods, 2 of boots and shoes, 2 of iron castings, 12 flour mills, 1 planing mill, 20 saw mills, and 4 tanning and currying establishments.
Capital, Findlay. VIII. A central county of Indiana, drained by Blue river and smaller streams; area, 312 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,123. The surface is nearly level, and the soil is fertile. Timber is abundant. The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and St. Louis, the Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Indianapolis, and the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis railroads traverse it. The chief productions in 1870 were 440,212 bushels of wheat, 810,496 of Indian corn, 42,050 of oats, 47,149 of potatoes, 141,244 lbs. of wool, 234,379 of butter, and 6,308 tons of hay. There were 5,246 horses, 3,986 milch cows, 5,364 other cattle, 13,449 sheep, and 22,042 swine; 15 manufactories of carriages, 6 of saddlery and harness, 5 of bricks, 3 flour mills, and 12 saw mills. Capital, Greenfield. IX. A W. county of Illinois, bordering on Missouri and Iowa, from which it is separated by the Mississippi river; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 35,807. It has an undulating surface, with alternate tracts of timber land and prairie, and a rich, well tilled soil. It is traversed by the Chicago, Burlington, and Quiney, and the Carthage branch, and by the Toledo, Peoria, and Warsaw, and the Toledo, Wabash, and Western railroads.
The chief productions in 1870 were 414,028 bushels of wheat, 133,533 of rye, 1,510,401 of Indian corn, 579,599 of oats, 92.863 of Irish potatoes, 74,586 lbs. of wool, 443,770 of butter, and 36,-062 tons of hay. There were 14,115 horses, 2.258 mules and asses, 9,437 milch cows, 17,-009 other cattle, 20,582 sheep, and 44,561 swine; 9 manufactories of agricultural implements, 38 of carriages, 9 of barrels and casks, 6 of furniture, 12 of saddlery and harness, 13 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 1 of chewing tobacco, 2 of woollen goods, 1 distillery, 1 brewery, 14 flour mills, and 2 planing mills. Capital, Carthage. X. A N. county of Iowa, drained by the sources of Boone river and other streams; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 909. The surface is mostly undulating prairie, and the soil fertile. It contains several small lakes and extensive deposits of peat. It is traversed by the McGregor and Missouri River railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 18,918 bushels of wheat, 19,541 of Indian corn, 30,231 of oats, and 2,087 tons of hay, There were 377 horses, 967 cattle, 411 sheep, and 416 swine.
Capital, Upper Grove.