Hannibal , a city of Marion co., Missouri, on the W. bank of the Mississippi, 132 m. above St. Louis, and 90 m. N. N. E. of Jefferson City; pop. in 1850, 2,020; in 1860, 6,505; in 1870, 10,125, of whom 1,616 were colored and 1,632 foreigners. It is the eastern terminus of the Hannibal and St. Joseph and the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas railroads, one of the western termini of the Toledo, "Wabash, and Western, and the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy lines, and a station on the Mississippi Valley railroad. Hannibal is the only point on the Mississippi S. of Keokuk where a bridge adapted for both railroad and wagon travel spans the river. It is favorably situated for commerce, is rapidly increasing, and is the shipping point for largo quantities of tobacco, pork, flour, and other produce. Coal and limestone abound in the vicinity, and the manufacture of lime is a prominent business. With the exception of St. Louis, it is the most extensive lumber market W. of the Mississippi, and has a large trade in this article with Kansas and i Texas. It contains a city hall, two banks with a capital of $250,000, a savings bank, several large tobacco factories, pork-packing houses, flour mills, saw mills, founderies and car works, and 14 extensive lumber yards.
Hannibal college was established in 18G8, under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal church South, and in 1872 had 5 professors and 35 preparatory and 73 collegiate students. There are 6 public schools, including a high school, having in 1872 25 teachers and 1,035 pupils; several private schools, a Roman Catholic seminary, a daily and weekly newspaper, a monthly periodical, and 13 churches.