John Coleridge Patteson, an English missionary bishop, born in London, April 1, 1827, killed by Melanesians near Santa Cruz, Sept. 20, 1871. He was educated at Balliol college, Oxford, was a fellow of Merton in 1850, was curate of Alfington in 1852, accompanied Bishop Selwyn in 1854 to New Zealand, and labored there and in neighboring islands as a missionary till 1861, when he was consecrated at Auckland as bishop of the Melanesian islands. He devoted the rest of his life to cruising about among the islands of his diocese, laboring for the improvement of the natives and for the suppression of the kidnapping carried on to supply Queensland and other colonies with laborers. In attempting to land at Santa Cruz, his boat was fired upon by the natives, he was killed, and his chaplain Mr. Atkin died from wounds a few days afterward. It is supposed that the natives mistook the missionary ship for a kidnapping vessel. - See "Life of John Coleridge Patteson," by Charlotte Mary Yonge (2 vols. 12mo, London, 1874), and " The Story of a Fellow Soldier," by Francis Awdry (1875).