John Phillip, a Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen in May, 1817, died in London, Feb. 27, 1867. He studied at the royal academy in London, was a portrait painter in Edinburgh, removed to London in 1841, and in 1857 became a member of the royal academy. His works include " The Presbyterian Catechising," "A Scotch Fair," "Baptism in Scotland," "Scotch Washing," "The Spaewife of the Clachan," " A Visit to the Gypsy Camp," " The Spanish Letter Writer," " The Marriage of the Princess Royal," and "The House-of Commons." He lived in Spain from 1852 to 1856.
John Phillips, an English geologist, born at Marden, Wiltshire, Dec. 25, 1800, died in Oxford, April 24, 1874. He was the assistant of his uncle William Smith, the "father of English geology," delivered courses of lectures in various places, was professor of geology in King's college, London, and in the university of Dublin, and in 1856 succeeded Dr. Buckland as reader in geology in the university of Oxford. After 1832 he arranged and edited the reports of the British association. He invented a self-discharging electrophorus and a peculiar maximum thermometer, was engaged with Major (now Gen.) Sabine in the magnetic survey of the British islands, and made special researches on the physical aspect of the sun, moon, and Mars. His most important works are: "Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire" (2 parts 4to, London, 1829-'36); a " Treatise on Geology " (2 vols. 12mo, 1837-'8; 2d ed., in Lardner's "Cabinet Cyclopaedia," 1852); " Palaeozoic Fossils of Cornwall, Devon," etc. (8vo, 1841); and " Notices of Rocks and Fossils in the University Museum, Oxford " (8vo, 1863). To meteorology he contributed " Three Years' Observations on Rain".