William Smith, called the father of English geology, born at Churchill, Oxfordshire, March 23, 1769, died in Northampton, Aug. 28, 1839. In his youth he was a land surveyor and civil engineer, and was led to geological studies by his professional observations. He began in 1794 a "Map of the Strata of England and Wales," and in 1799 published in tabular form "The Order of the Strata and their Organic Remains in the vicinity of Bath, examined and proved prior to 1799." In 1801 a small geological map of England was produced, and in 1815 the " Geological Map of England and Wales, with Part of Scotland," with a treatise. Between 1819 and 1824 he published 21 geological maps of English counties, colored to represent the strata, and some works on organic remains. In 1824 - '8 he lectured on geology. In 1831 ho received from the geological society the Wollaston medal for his discoveries in geology.
William Smith, an English scholar, born in London in 1814. He was educated at University college, London, and studied law, but became professor of the Greek, Latin, and German languages at the Independent collegiate schools of Highbury and Homerton. In 1850 he was appointed professor of Greek and Latin in New college, London, and in 1853 classical examiner in the university of London. In 1867 he became editor of the "Quarterly Review." He has edited a "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities " (8vo, 1842); "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology " (3 vols. 8vo, 1843-'9); " Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography" (2 vols., 1854-'7); and " Dictionary of the Bible " (3 vols., 1860-'63). All these dictionaries have been abridged by him for the use of schools. The first and the abridged edition of the second and third combined have been edited by Charles Anthon (New York, 1843 and 1850). The " Dictionary of the Bible" has been abridged by the Rev. S. W. Barnum (New York, 1868), and edited and enlarged bv Prof. II. B. Hackett (4 vols., New York, 1868-'70). He has also published a "History of Greece," and an abridgment of the same, an edition of Gibbon's " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,"and a "Student's Gibbon," a "Student's Hume," and "Student's Hallam's Middle Ages," each in one volume; a Latin-English dictionary (1855), based on Forcellini and Freund; with J. D. Hall, "A copious and critical English-Latin Dictionary " (1870); with George Grove, a "Historical Atlas of Ancient Geography, Biblical and Classical" (1873); and " Modern Geography for Schools " (1873). In 1874 he was preparing "A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities" and "A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Doctrines." He has also published Latin and Greek courses for schools, and other educational works, of which numerous editions have been issued.