Mason, the name of six counties in the United States.
A W. County Of "West Virginia, bounded N. and W. by the Ohio river, and drained by the Great Kanawha and its tributaries; area, 300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,978, of whom 534 were colored. It has a diversified surface and fertile soil, and contains iron ore, coal, and valuable salt springs. The chief productions in 1870 were 115,350 bushels of wheat, 456,990 of Indian corn, 43,464 of oats, 84,534 of potatoes, 58,600 lbs. of tobacco, 22,-853 of wool, and 4,353 tons of hay. There were 2,563 horses, 2,332 milch cows, 5,183 other cattle, 9,880 sheep, and 9.S79 swine. Capital, Point Pleasant.
A W. Central County Of Texas, intersected by the Rio Llano, a branch of the Colorado, and watered by afflu-ents of the Llano and the San Saba; area, 910 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 678, of whom 26 were colored. About one tenth of the surface is prairie, and the rest timbered. Two thirds is suitable for farming. Stock raising is the principal business. The chief productions in 1870 were 7,740 bushels of Indian corn. 593 of sweet potatoes, 5,510 lbs. of wool, 0,945 of butter, and 141 tons of hay. There were 183 horses, 19,703 cattle, 1,943 sheep, and 2,329 swine. Capital, Mason.
A N. E. County Of Kentucky, bordering on the Ohio river, intersected by the X. fork of Licking river, and drained by Limestone and Lee's creeks; area, 236 sq. in.; pop. in 1870, 18,126. of whom 3,582 were colored. The surface is diversified, hilly toward the north, and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 72,860 bushels of wheat, 54.450 of rye, 765,000 of Indian corn, 45.070 of oats. 42.140 of barley, 41 731 of potatoes, 1,593,156 lbs. of tobacco, 19,178 of wool, 106,329 of butter, and 4,744 tons of hav. There were 4,132 horses, 1,301 mules and asses, 2,598 milch cows, 5,221 other cattle, 5,659 sheep, and 18.202 swine; 2 manufactories of agricultural implements, 9 of carriages and wagons, 1 of cotton goods, 2 of woollen goods, 2 breweries, and 2 saw nulls. Capital, Maysville.
A Central County Of Illinois, bounded N. W. by the Illinois and S. by the Sanuamon rivers; area, 580 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,184. The surface is low, and the soil, which is mostly prairie, very fertile. The Peoria, Pekin, and Jacksonville, the Springfield and Northwestern, and the Jacksonville division of the Chicago and Alton railroad pass through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 198,889 bushels of wheat, 49.182 of rye, 2,648,-726 of Indian corn, 272,660 of oats, 71,345 of potatoes, 231.960 lbs. of butter, and 8,943 tons of hay. There were 6,541 horses, 1,988 mules and asses, 4.217 milch cows, (5,097 other cattle, 1,968 sheep, and 16,654 swine; 7 manufactories of carriages, 4 of brick, 9 of saddlery and harness, and 5 flour mills. Capital, Havana.
A W. County Of Michigan, bordering on Lake Michigan, and drained by the Notipeskago, Marquette, and Great and Little Sable rivers; area, 460 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,263. The surface is generally level and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 4,768 bushels of wheat, 12,261 of Indian corn, 9,457 of oats, 37,515 of potatoes, and 636 tons of hay. There were 168 horses, 273 milch cows, 520 other cattle, and 745 swine. Capital, Pere Marquette.
A W. County Of Washington Territory, having Puget sound on the E.; area, 1,600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 289. The Olympus and Coast mountains extend through it, and between and among them are several broad and fertile valleys. Some lumbering is carried on. The many inlets of the sound afford good harbors. The chief productions in 1870 were 1,000 bushels of oats, 2,350 of potatoes, and 412 tons of hay. The value of live stock was $14,250. Capital, Oakland.