Capital, Chambersburg.

VI. A S. W. county of Virginia, bounded N. E. by Staunton river, and N. W. by the Blue Ridge; area, 864 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 18,264, of whom 5,996 were colored. The surface is undulating or moderately uneven; the principal mineral is iron; the soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 77,722 bushels of wheat, 241,919 of Indian corn, 178,231 of oats, 23,218 of Irish and 10,056 of sweet potatoes, 165,499 lbs. of butter, and 1,696,549 of tobacco. There were 2,410 horses, 3,550 milch cows, 5,787 other cattle, 8,848 sheep, and 13,308 swine, and 4 tobacco factories. Capital, Rocky Mount.

VII. A N. E. county of North Carolina, intersected by Tar river; area about 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 14,134, of whom 7,.501 were colored. The surface is level and the soil fertile. The Raleigh and Gaston railroad passes along or near the W. border of the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 23,241 bushels of wheat, 241,435 of Indian corn, 31,659 of oats, 30,135 of sweet potatoes, 2,522 tons of hay, 36,243 lbs. of tobacco, and 3,356 bales of cotton. There were 1,442 horses, 2,593 milch cows, 4,224 other cattle, 3,621 sheep, 4,530 swine, and 2 flour mills. Capital, Louisburg.

VIII. A N. E. county of Georgia, bordering on South Carolina, drained by North and Hud-son's forks of Broad river; area, 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,893, of whom 1,859 were colored. It has a hilly surface and a productive soil, the river bottoms being particularly fertile. Gold has been found in small quantities, and iron is abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 18,863 bushels of wheat, 173,007 of Indian corn, 14,151 of oats, 12,335 of sweet potatoes, and 637 bales of cotton. There were 1,093 horses, 1,630 milch cows, 2,590 other cattle, 4,963 sheep, and 5,822 swine. Capital, Carnesville.

IX. A N. W. county of Florida, bounded S. by the gulf of Mexico; area, 475 sq. m., including the islands of St. George and St. Vincent; pop. in 1870, 1,256, of whom 475 were colored. The Appalachicola river, here navigable by steamboats, flows for some distance along its W. border, and then traverses its centre. Its valley is very fertile, but the soil elsewhere is sandy and little cultivated. The surface is low, and much of it covered with swamps and ponds. In 1870 there were only 237 acres of improved land. There was one saw mill. Capital, Appalachicola.

X. A N. W. county of Alabama, bordering on Mississippi; area about 700 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,006, of whom 1,313 were colored. It has a fertile soil, and a hilly surface partly covered with oak and other timber. The chief productions in 1870 were 9,070 bushels of wheat, 264,136 of Indian corn, 7,055 of oats, 10,584 of sweet potatoes, and 2,072 bales of cotton. There were 1,382 horses, 2,156 milch cows, 3,386 other cattle, 3,705 sheep, and 8,608 swine. Capital, Russellville.

XI. A S. W. county of Mississippi, watered by Homo-chitto river; area about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,498, of whom 3,800 were colored. Its surface is uneven, and its soil fertile near the rivers, but the land elsewhere consists chiefly of pine barrens. The chief productions in 1870 were 124,846 bushels of Indian corn, 28,035 of sweet potatoes, and 5,079 bales of cotton. There were 977 horses, 2,297 milch cows, 4,940 other cattle, and 8,038 swine. Capital, Meadville.

XII. A N. E. parish of Louisiana, watered by Bceuf and Macon bayous, the former of which is navigable by steamboats; area about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,078, of whom 2,844 were colored. Its surface is hilly and its soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 35,794 bushels of Indian corn, 6,804 of sweet potatoes, and 3,498 bales of cotton. There were 4,932 cattle, and 4,105 swine. Capital, Winnsborough.

XIII. A X. W. county of Arkansas, bounded S. by the Arkansas river; area about 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 0,(527, of whom 651 were colored. The surface is hilly and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 13,085 bushels of wheat, 323,444 of Indian corn, 13,520 of Irish and 23,689 of sweet potatoes, and 4,796 bales of cotton. There were 2,561 horses, 3,113 milch cows, 5,923 other cattle, and 27,823 swine; 6 flour and 5 saw mills. Capital, Ozark.

XIV. A S. county of Tennessee, bordering on Alabama, and intersected by Elk river; area, 780 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 14,970, of whom 2,972 were colored. The surface is mountainous, especially in the S. E. part. The soil is fertile. The county is traversed by the Nashville and Chattanooga and the Winchester and Alabama railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 84,357 bushels of wheat, 467,757 of Indian corn, 68,371 of oats, 127,880 lbs. of butter, and 289 bales of cotton. There were 2,945 horses, 3,043 milch cows, 4,778 other cattle, 8,820 sheep, and 24,074 swine; 3 flour and 4 saw mills, 3 tanneries, 3 currying establishments, 3 for wool-carding and cloth-dressing, and 2 cotton factories. Capital, Winchester.

XV. A N. county of Kentucky, intersected by the Kentucky river, which is here navigable; area, 212 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,300, of whom 4,663 were colored. The surface is diversified and the soil productive. The Louisville, Cincinnati, and Lexington railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 28,981 bushels of wheat, 19,337 of rye, 423,295 of Indian corn, 53,638 of oats, 16,472 of potatoes, and 123,250 lbs. of tobacco. There were 2,651 horses, 1,642 milch cows, 2,388 other cattle, 4,170 sheep, and 11,583 swine; 5 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 1 of bagging, 3 of clothing, 3 of barrels and casks, 1 of cotton goods, 1 of malt, 1 of wrapping paper, 1 book-printing establishment, 8 saw mills, 8 distilleries, and 3 flour mills. Capital, Frankfort, which is also the state capital.

XVI. A central county of Ohio, watered by Scioto and Olentangy rivers; area, 530 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 63,019. It has a level surface and a rich and generally well cultivated soil. Several railroads centre at Columbus. The chief productions in 1870 were 423,166 bushels of wheat, 1,824,313 of Indian corn, 246,217 of oats, 323,525 of potatoes, 29,434 tons of hay, 638.319 lbs. of butter, and 144,018 of wool. There were 10,565 horses, 7.841 milch cows, 12,271 other cattle, 40.588 sheep, and 43,233 swine: 522 manufacturing establishments, of which the most important were 3 of agricultural implements, 2 of boots and shoes, 12 of bread. etc, 7 of brooms and wisp brushes, 2 of brushes, 32 of carriages and wagons, 1 of cars. 40 of clothing, 1 of rectified coal oil, 2 of vegetable food preparations, 11 of furniture, 1 of gas, 2 of hardware, 1 of saddlery hardware, 1 of hubs and wagon material, 1 of forged and rolled iron, 7 of iron castings, 10 of machinery, 1 of saws, 23 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 1 of wire, 2 of woollen goods, 8 printing and publishing establishments, 1 distillery, 5 breweries, 6 flour mills, and 4 book-binderies. Capital, Columbus, which is also the capital of the state.

XVII. A S. E. county of Indiana, bordering on Ohio, and drained by Whitewater river; area, 380 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 20,223. The surface is diversified and the soil fertile. Blue limestone is found. The Whitewater canal and the Whitewater Val-ley railroad pass through the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 396,774 bushels of wheat, 771,074 of Indian corn, 143,148 of oats, 21,727 of barley, 59,562 of potatoes, 9,267 tons of hay, 369,005 lbs. of butter, and 40,333 of wool. There were 6,049 horses. 6,032 milch cows, 7,517 other cattle, 11,284 sheep, and 22,489 swine; 8 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 7 of bricks, 10 of barrels and casks, 2 of furniture, 5 of machinery, 2 of printing paper, 10 of saddlery and harness, 1 of woollen goods, 7 flour and 19 saw mills, and 2 distilleries. Capital, Brookville.

XVIII. A S. county of Illinois, watered by Big Muddy river; area about 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,652. The county is heavily timbered; the soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 111,689 bushels of wheat, 653,299 of Indian corn, 222,426 of oats, 27,968 of potatoes, 23,385 of peas and beans, 4,835 tons of hay, 48,956 lbs. of butter, and 387,382 of tobacco. There were 4,306 horses, 3,280 milch cows, 6,210 other cattle, 18,196 sheep, 25,490 swine, and 3 flour mills. Capital, Benton.

XIX. A X. central county of Iowa, drained by Iowa river and branches of the Red Cedar; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,738. The chief productions in 1870 were 268.231 bushels of wheat, 189,133 of Indian corn, 149,810 of oats, 26,312 of potatoes, 12,008 tons of hay, and 130,382 lbs. of butter. There were 2,370 horses, 1,863 milch cows, 2.832 other cattle, and 3,483 swine. Capital, Hampton.

XX. An E. county of Missouri, bounded X. by the Missouri river; area, 874 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 30,098, of whom 2,173 were colored. It is drained by Maramec river, which is navigable by small steamboats. Rich mines of copper, lead, and coal are found on its hanks and in other parts of the county. The surface is uneven and well timbered. It is traversed by the Pacific railroad of Missouri and the Atlantic and Pacific railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 586,921 bushels of wheat, 853,297 of Indian corn, 351,340 of oats, 114,934 of potatoes, 18,017 tons of hay, 273,789 lbs. of butter, 62,988 of wool, 783,270 of tobacco, and 75,954 gallons of wine. There were 6,804 horses, 2,175 mules and asses, 7,477 milch cows, 10,841 other cattle, 16,792 sheep, and 48.703 swine; 30 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 1 of cars, 18 of barrels and casks, 7 of furniture. 1 of pig iron, 2 of pig lead, 185 of wine, 1 railroad repair shop, 2 pork-packing establishments, 1 planing, 13 saw, and 11 flour mills, 1 box factory, and 8 brick kilns.

Capital, Union.

XXI. An E. county of Kansas, intersected by the Osage river; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,385. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. The Leavenworth, Lawrence, and Galveston railroad passes through the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 44,471 bushels of wheat, 618,840 of Indian corn, 181,515 of oats, 54,618 of potatoes, 17,644 tons of hay, 185,640 lbs. of butter, and 20,408 of wool. There were 3,700 horses, 3,818 milch cows, 7,108 other cattle, 5,182 sheep, and 6,636 swine; 2 manufactories of boots and shoes, 1 of brooms, 3 of saddlery and harness, 1 flour and 8 saw mills. Capital, Ottawa.

XXII. A S. county of Nebraska, bordering on Kansas, intersected by Republican river; area, 570 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 26.