In the spring time of the year the Judicious use of aperient medicines is much to be commended.

152. Spring Aperients

For children nothing is better than: 1. -Brimstone and treacle;to each tea-cupful of this, when mixed, add a teaspoonful of cream of tartar. As this sometimes produces sickness, the following may be used: - 2. Take of tartrate of soda one drachm and a half, powdered jalap and powdered rhubarb each fifteen grains, ginger, two grains; mix. Dose for a child above five years, one small teaspoonful: above ten years, a large teaspoonful; above fifteen, half the whole, or two teaspoon-fuls and for a person above twenty, three teaspoonfuls, or the whole, as may be required by the habit of the person. This medicine may be dissolved in warm water, common or mint tea. This powder can be kept for use in a wide-mouthed bottle, and be in readiness for any emergency. The druggist may be directed to treble or quadruple the quantities as convenient.

153. Aperient Pills

To some adults all liquid medicines produce such nausea that pills are the only form in which laxative medicines can be exhibited; the following is a useful formula: - 3. Take of compound rhubarb pill a drachm and one scruple, of powdered ipecacuanha six grains, and of extract of hyoscyamus one scruple Mix and beat into a mass, and divide into twenty-four pills. Take one, or two, or if of a very costive habit, three at bed-time. - 4. For persons requiring a more powerful purge the same for mula, with ten grains of compound extract of colocynth, will form a good purgative pill. The mass receiving this addition must be divided into thirty, instead of twenty-four pills.

154. Black Draught

5. The common aperient medicine known as black draught is made in the following manner: - Take of senna leaves six drachms, bruised ginger, half a drachm sliced liquorice-root four drachms, boiling water half an imperial pint. Keep this standing on the hob, or near the fire, for three hours, then strain, and after allowing it to grow cool, add of sal volatile one drachm and a-half, of tincture of senna, and of tincture of cardamoms, each half an ounce. (This mixture will keep a long time in a cool place.) Dose, a wineglassful for an adult; two tablespoontuls for young persons above fifteen years of age. It is not a suitable medicine for children.

155. Tonic Aperient

6. Take of Epsom salts one ounce, diluted sulphuric acid one drachm, infusion of quassia chips half an imperial pint, compound tincture of rhubarb two drachms. Half a wineglassful for a dose twice a day.

156. Infants' Aperient

7. Take of rhubarb five grains, magnesia three grains, white sugar a scruple, manna five grains; mix. Dose, varying from a piece half the size of a sweet-pea to a piece the size of an ordinary pea. - 8. A useful laxative for children is composed of calomel two grains, and sugar a scruple, made into five powders; half of one of these for a child from birth to one year and a-half, and a whole one from that age to five years.

157. Flour Of Brimstone

Flour Of Brimstone is a mild aperient in doses of about a quarter of an ounce; it is best taken in milk.