Germander, or Teucrium L. a genus of plants consisting of sixty-eight species, three of which only are natives.
1. The scorodinia, Wood Germander, or wood sage, which is perennial; grows in woods, heaths, thickets, and hedge-banks; and flowers in the month of July. It-has a bitter taste, and in smell resembles hops, with a small mixture of garlic : in the Isle of Jersey, it is used in brewing, as a substitute for hops.
2. The scordium, or Water Germander, which is also perennial ; grows in damp and marshy situations ; and produces purplish flowers in the months of July and August. It is eaten by sheep and goats, but refused by horses, hogs, and cows; though the latter will eat it when impelled by hunger, in consequence of which, their milk acquires the flavour of garlic. -The fresh leaves of the water germander are bitter, and somewhat pungent; when pulverized, they have been used for the expulsion of worms ; - a decoction of the whole plant is said to be a good fomentation in gangrenes.
3. The chamaedrys, or Common Germander, is found in the borders of corn-fields that are remote from houses, in ruins, and upon ancient walls; it produces reddish purple flowers, which blow in the month of June or July. The leaves and tops of this species have a moderately bitter taste, accompanied with a weak aromatic flavour. It was formerly in great esteem as an aperient and corroborant; it is strongly recommended in agues, rheumatism, and gout, especially to weak and relaxed constitutions. - In tanning, it has been employed with advantage by Bautsch.
There is an exotic species of the germander, viz. the Teucrium ma-rum, or marum germander, which is a native of Spain, whence it has been introduced into our gardens, under the name of Cat-thyme. It has received this appellation, from the uncommon fondness which cats instinctively display for this vegetable. Its leaves and tender branches, on being rubbed between the fingers, when fresh, emit a volatile aromatic odour, which excites sneezing ; but to the taste they are somewhat bitter, with a sensation of heat and acrimony.
Germander, the Wild, or Germander-Speedwell, Veronica chamoedrys, L. an indigenous perennial plant, growing in pastures and the sides of hedges; and flowering in May. It is eaten by cows, goats, sheep, and horses, but refused by hogs. - The leaves of this plant have been recommended as a substitute for tea; but it is chiefly used as a mild astringent.
Germander. - In the second volume of the " Transactions of the Royal and Economical Society of Florence, " we meet with an interesting memoir by Dr. Menau-Bone, on the medical properties of the Common GeRmaNder. Our limits permit us only to state, that Dr. M. strongly recommends the leaves and shoots of this indigenous plant as a substitute for the Peru-vian bark ; a hint which deserves the attention of medical practitioners.