Dartmouth, a seaport and municipal borough (till 1867 also parliamentary) of South Devon, 32 miles S. by W. of Exeter. It is built in picturesque terraces on a steep slope 300 to 400 feet high, on the right bank of the romantic estuary of the river Dart, at a short distance from the sea. The streets are narrow, and many of the houses very old, with overhanging stories, projecting gables, and wood-carvings. St Saviour's Church (c. 1372) has a richly sculptured pulpit, and a beautifully carved rood-loft. A battery, and the remains of a castle built during the reign of Henry VII., stand at the entrance to the harbour. In 1190 the Crusaders, under Cœ;ur-de-Lion, embarked for the Holy Land at Dartmouth, which in 1643 was taken by Prince Maurice, but in 1646 retaken by Fairfax. New-comen, the inventor of the steam-engine, was born here; Sir Humphrey Gilbert at Greenway, across the Dart; and John Davis at Sandridge. Here is a great Royal Naval School. Pop. (1861) 4444; (1901) 6580.