Douglas, the capital of the Isle of Man, a seaport and favourite watering-place, is so called from its being situated near the junction of two streams - the Dhoo (black) and Glass (gray). It lies on a picturesque bay, on the east side of the island, 75 miles NW. of Liverpool, 46 W. of Barrow, and 94 NE. of Dublin. The old town, on the south-western edge of the bay, presents with its narrow tortuous streets a vivid contrast to the handsome modern terraces and villas which occupy the rising ground beyond, and the ground facing the north of the bay. It possesses an excellent landing pier; another pier and breakwater, constructed of concrete cement blocks, was opened in 1879; the new street and charming promenade following the line of the bay is one of its most agreeable features. Conspicuous in the centre of the crescent of the bay stands Castle Mona, built by the fourth Duke of Athole, but now converted into a first-class hotel and winter gardens. The Tower of Refuge, a picturesque object, occupies a dangerous rock in the southern area of the bay, called Conister, and was erected in 1833 for the safety of shipwrecked mariners. The foundation-stone of an Eiffel tower was laid in 1890, and the Douglas Head Marine Drive opened in 1891. Pop. (1851) 9880; (1901) 19,125.
Douglas, a decayed town of Lanarkshire, on Douglas Water, 11 miles SSW. of Lanark. Of the old kirk of St Bride, the burial-place of the Douglases till 1761, only the choir and a spire remain. Modern Douglas Castle (Earl of Home), 3/4 mile NNE., is a poor successor to Scott's 'Castle Dangerous,' now represented by little more than a tower. Pop. 1218.