Havre, Le (a contraction of the original name, Le Havre de Notre Dame de Grace), a seaport of France, second only to Marseilles, in the dep. of Seine-Inferieure, on the north side of the Seine's estuary, 143 miles NW. of Paris. The chief imports are coals, wheat, cotton, dye woods, coffee, hides, petroleum, wool, palm-oil, alcohol, cocoa, and sugar. The exports include wine, woollen and cotton goods, millinery, potatoes, salt, butter, paper, silks and ribbons, china-ware, eggs, and ochre. Havre possesses excellent harbour accommodation, having nine separate dock basins ; two new dry-docks were opened in 1889. The port is very greatly handicapped by its poor railway connection, the heavy harbour dues, and the shifting sandbanks that lie in the estuary. Havre is one of the chief emigrant ports in France; and it has great shipbuilding-yards, machine-factories, cannon-foundries, flour-mills, petroleum and sugar refineries, and dye-works. The buildings include the 16th-century church of Notre Dame, a museum, a Renaissance town-house, a marine arsenal, etc. There are statues to Bernardin de St Pierre and Casimir Delavigne, both natives. Pop. (1876) 85,407; (1901) 127,640. Down to 1516 Havre was only a fishing-village. Its history as a seaport dates from the reign of Francis I. Havre was held for some months in 1562 by the English, who were expelled by Charles IX. after a hot siege. Louis XIV. made it a strong citadel, and it was several times bombarded by the English in the 17th and 18th centuries. The town walls were demolished in the middle of the 19th century. Mdlle. de Scudery was born at Havre.