This section is from the book "A Treatise On Architecture And Building Construction Vol2: Masonry. Carpentry. Joinery", by The Colliery Engineer Co. Also available from Amazon: A Treatise On Architecture And Building Construction.
(1) How should the first course of shingles be laid on the roof?
(2) When is it necessary to truss a partition?
(3) What is the essential difference between the method of flashing hips and the method of flashing valleys?
(4) (a) What is meant by a single floor? (b) What is meant by a double floor? (c) How is each laid?
(5) (a) What is a water-table? (b) For what purpose is it intended?
(6) What woods are best suited to the rough framing of a house?
(7) How may dry rot be prevented in wood columns?
(8) (a) Into how many divisions are trees classified according to their methods of growth? (b) What are they called? (c) Which furnishes the best wood for building purposes?
(10) When is it necessary to truss door or window openings?
(11) Why is especial care required in laying the roof at the eaves?
(12) What is matched flooring?
(13) Describe the method of determining the curve to which the edges of beveled siding must be worked in order to properly fit the surface of a circular tower.
(14) What woods are best suited for damp situations not in contact with the earth?
(16) What are the inner layers of the heart wood of a tree called?
(17) How are the valley rafters treated in a gable roof which intersects with a main roof of greater height?
(18) What are dormer-windows?
(19) (a) How far apart are partition studs usually placed? (b) Why?
(20) What is a chamfer?
(21) Why are splines used in plank floors?
(22) What woods are best suited to situations in contact with damp soil?
(23) What are medullary rays?
(24) (a) What is a gable roof? (b) What is a gambrel roof?
(25) (a) What are wood centers? (b) How are they constructed?
(26) How is the sill of a house laid on the foundation wall?
(27) On what should the feet of studs rest (a) when the partition runs across the beams? (b) when it runs parallel with the beams?
(28) (a) What is a trimmer-arch center? (b) How does it differ from an ordinary center?
(29) What hard wood is well suited to a dry, well ventilated position?
(30) (a) What is a hip roof? (b) What is a Mansard roof?
(31) What wood and what sizes of plank are best suited to floors in slow-burning construction?
(32) What are the best seasons to cut trees for lumber?
(33) What are spherical pendentives?
(35) Why is it necessary to have the same thickness of sill under all partitions and walls of the same house?
(36) How are lath secured in the angles of a room?
(37) (a) What is a dome? (b) How is it framed in wood? (c) How is it covered?
(38) (a) What is Carolina pine? (b) Is it as durable as Georgia pine?
(39) How are partitions formed in slow-burning construction?
(40) At what age do trees arrive at their maturity?
(41) What is a groined ceiling?
(42) In braced-frame construction, how are the interties framed with the corner posts, when the floorbeams are parallel with the front of the building?
(43) Why is sheathing usually laid diagonally?
(44) How are the second-story beams carried in balloon-frame buildings?
(45) For what purpose was slow-burning construction first introduced?
(46) (a) What wood makes the best piles? (b) Why?
(47) What is the difference between braced-frame construction and balloon-frame construction?
(48) In slow-burning construction, how are the beam ends protected when they rest in a brick or stone wall?
(49) What are cup shakes?
(50) What is quarter-sawed timber?
(51) (a) How is the steel square used to mark the cuts of rafters? (b) Explain the use of the fence as applied to the steel square.
(52) What two methods are used in spacing the studding of exterior walls?
(53) (a) Is hemlock a good material for first-class framing? (b) Why?
(54) What is a fish joint?
(55) What are fungi?
(56) Why are shingle lath preferable to close boards as a roof covering under shingles?
(57) How should lumber be piled in order to season properly?
(58) Why should the ends of beams be cut on a slant when they rest in a brick wall?
(59) What is the simplest joint between two pieces of wood?
(60) What is a mortise joint? (Describe in detail.)
(61) What is the characteristic difference between slow-burning construction and ordinary wood construction?
(62) How are the tops of floorbeams maintained at a uniform level in a building?
(63) Why is it necessary to set jack-rafters in pairs, one each side of the hip or valley?
(64) (a) What do the Figured dimensions of doors and windows represent on architects' plans? (b) What must these dimensions be in the rough frame openings?
(65) (a) What is flashing? (b) When is it used?
(66) (a) What are brick nogs? (b) When are they used in a frame building?
(67) What are plaster grounds?
(68) What is the general system employed in slow-burning construction?
(69) What wood is best adapted to tanks and other vessels constantly filled with water?
(70) In slow-burning construction, why are iron beams sheathed with wood?
(71) (a) What are heart shakes? (b) What causes them?
(72) What is a liberal proportion of leader to roof area?
(73) (a) What is the difference between beveled siding and novelty, or patent, siding? (b) Which is the better?
(74) What are furring strips?
(75) What is the ultimate object of the system of slow-burning construction?
(76) What are the best woods for shingles?
(77) What are (a) headers? (b) trimmers? (c) tail-beams? (d) How are they joined together?
(78) What is rot in timber?
(79) How are walls lathed and plastered in slow-burning construction?
(80) (a) What are purlins? (b) How are they cut to miter?