This section is from the book "A Treatise On Architecture And Building Construction Vol2: Masonry. Carpentry. Joinery", by The Colliery Engineer Co. Also available from Amazon: A Treatise On Architecture And Building Construction.
(1) What method is generally adopted where several stiles and rails of a door are to be veneered at one time?
(2) Describe in detail the method of veneering a small cylinder.
(3) In bending wood by saw kerfing, how may the proper spacing of the saw kerfs be determined?
(4) Show the method of obtaining the length and shape of the soffit of a semicircular window in a straight wall, the jambs of which splay equally all around from the center line at an angle of 30°. The wall is 2 feet thick, and the window 3 feet wide on the inside; scale, 1/2 inch = 1 foot.
(5) A semicircular-headed window in a curved wall is 4 feet 6 inches wide, and the wall is curved with a radius of 8 feet. Show the method of developing the window head, the wall being 2 feet thick with a 4-inch reveal, and the jambs of the window parallel. Scale, 1/2 inch = 1 foot.
(6) How are the moldings on sash bars treated where they intersect?
(7) How is the parting strip of a window frame held in place?
(8) How may the widths of the stiles and panels of a wainscot be determined, when the number of the panels and the length of the room are known?
(9) What are bases or skirtings?
(10) What is the effect of shrinkage in mitered joints?
(11) Describe the process of joining two thin veneers.
(12) How should the cores of veneered doors be prepared?
(13) (a) What five methods are used to bend wood? (b) Which is considered the best?
(14) (a) Make a diagram showing the method of obtaining the bevels for an octagonal pyramid whose base is 1 inch on each side and the perpendicular height to the apex is 4 inches, (b) Show how the bevel should be held to test the angles.
(15) How should the weights of the upper and lower sashes be proportioned?
(1G) What are French windows?
(17) How is the amount of bevel determined, necessary to enable a folding door to open and close readily?
(18) What is the first step necessary in determining the relative sizes of the panels and muntins of a line of wainscoting?
(19) (a) What are architraves? (b) How are their upper edges joined?
(20) How should the members of a dovetail joint be proportioned?
(21) In a pantry (a) about what should be the height of the service table? (b) about what should be the depth of the dresser? (c) about what should be the size of a dumb waiter required for the sole purpose of serving meals?
(22) (a) What is a caul? (b) How is it prepared for use?
(23) In dovetailing a hopper of the dimensions given in question 32, how should the dovetail pins be cut?
(24) How may the sash cord be secured to the sash?
(25) What quantity is a box of window glass assumed to contain?
(26) How are the pockets for sliding doors framed?
(27) Describe the positions of the grounds necessary for different styles of wainscotings.
(28) What method is adopted to prevent broad, plain surfaces from warping?
(29) Describe the common dovetailed joint.
(30) In hanging doors, what details must be taken into consideration to determine the proper projection of the hinges?
(31) For what reason are hard-wood veneers generally used?
(32) Make a diagram showing the method of obtaining the miter cuts for a square hopper which is built of material 6 inches thick, 4 ft. X 4 ft. on top, 2 ft. X 2 ft. on the bottom, and 2 feet deep. Scale, 1/2 inch = 1 foot.
(33) Describe the operation of hanging the sash in a window frame.
(34) What consideration generally determines the dimensions of window sashes?
(35) Describe a device for securing the stiles and rails of a door, other than the mortise and tenon.
(36) What is the best method of securing a long, plain, unpaneled wainscot against warping or shrinking?
(38) Where is the half-lap dovetail joint frequently used?
(40) What are veneers?
(41) Show the method of obtaining the length and shape of the soffit of a semicircular window in a concave wall, the jambs of which splay out at an angle of 30° with the center line of the opening-, and the soffit of which, at the top of the opening, is level. The wall is 1 foot 6 inches thick, the opening 3 feet wide, and the radius of the curvature of the wall 7 feet to the outside line. Scale, \ inch = 1 foot.
(42) What is splayed work in joinery?
(43) How are the mortise-and-tenon joints secured in a sash?
(44) How is a water-tight joint secured between the stone sill and the wooden sill of a window?
(45) Where should the glue be applied in mortise-and-tenon joints?
(46) What is a dado?
(47) (a) What is the characteristic difference between the joints made use of in carpentry and those used in joinery? (b) Into what two general classes are these latter joints divided?
(48) For what reason is the blind-dovetail joint used?
(49) How are inside blinds hinged to insure their unobstructed closing into the blind box?
(50) It is required to bend a pine plank around a cylinder whose diameter is 15 feet. What thickness of plank may be used without steaming or other preparation?
(51) Show the method of obtaining the length and shape of the soffit of a semicircular window in a curved wall, the jambs of which window radiate from the center, from which the curve of the wall is struck. The wall is 2 feet thick, the opening 4 feet wide on the inside, and the radius of curvature of the wall 6 feet to the inside. Scale, 1/2 inch = 1 foot.
(52) (a) Show the method of preparing a face mold for the top rail of the sash to be inserted in the window frame described in question 5. (b) How should this face mold be applied?
(53) How are the meeting rails of a sash made?
(54) What is a mullion?
(55) What are relishes in framed work?
(56) (a) Why is a chair rail used in an apartment? (b) How high should it be placed?
(57) (a) What process is necessary to secure a first-class job of gluing? (b) How can the quality of glue be tested?
(58) Describe the method of mitering a straight molding and a circular molding when the two intersect at an acute angle.
(59) (a) What is meant by backing a veneer? (b) Describe this process of bending wood.