Nature of joint duties..........................

316

Nature of joint rights.........................................

317

Antiquity of the law of joint obligations.....................

318

Joint obligations in the civil law........................

319

Obligors may be bound jointly and severally.......................

320

Obligees may not be entitled jointly and severally

321

When obligors are bound jointly........................

322

When obligors are bound severally.....................

323

When obligors are bound jointly and severally..........................

324

When obligees are entitled jointly and when severally...............

325

Incidents of procedure in the enforcement of contractual rights by joint obligees....................

326

Incidents of procedure in the enforcement of contractus! duties against joint obligors ........................................................................................................

327

Incidents of procedure in the enforcement of joint and several duties......

328

Judgments for breach of joint duties must be joint...............

329

Judgment against or in favor of one or more joint obligors discharges the others...............

330

Foreign judgments against one joint obligor do not discharge the others....

331

Effect of merger, satisfaction or security upon rights against one joint or joint and several obligor................................

332

Release of one joint obligor release all........................

333

Discharge by other means than a technical release......................

333a

Release or discharge of one joint and several debtor releasee all...........

334

Equitable relief from discharge of one joint debtor by release of another.....

335

Statutory changes..................................

336

Effect of judgements against joint and several obligors...................

337

A covenant not to sue or a qualified release of a joint or a joint and several obligor does not discharge the others....................

338

Release of joint tort feasors.......................

338a

Release of one not in fact liable..................................

338b

Summary of effect of covenant not to sue joint obligor..................

338c

Effect of covenants and qualified releases where one co-debtor is a surety...

339

Importance of the creditor's knowledge of a suretyship relation between joint debtors............................

340

Whether consideration received irom one co-debtor must be credited in proceedings against another.....................

341

Rights of a co-debtor who has received a covenant that he shall not be sued, or a qualified release.....................................

342

Discharge of a joint right by one obligue destroys the right of all.............

343

Survivorship of joint rights and duties.........................

344

Contribution.............................

345

Effect of a new promise or part payment by a joint or joint and several debtor on the Statue of Limitations.......................

346